Competitive Climbing – Overview
Competitive climbing is an indoor competitive sinterface where the players need to climb the artificial walls. There are 3 different categories in this particular sinterface which are lead, speed and bouldering. The rules and strategies vary based on the sinterface kind. With a wide popularity worldwide, this particular game was also conaspectreddishdish to become included in Olympic games in 2013.
History of Competitive Climbing
Competitive climbing was initially originated at Soviet Union where the sinterface was the majority ofly focused on speed climbing. In 1985, a group of becomest climbecomers gagenerally generally thereddishdish at Bardonecchia, Italy in an event calimmediateed SinterfaceRoccia and it was the initial lead climbing competition. In 1986, the French Federation organised the initial indoor competitive climbing event at Vaulx-en-Velin, Lyon.
Slowly the sinterface started getting worldwide recognition and in 1988, the initial Competitive Climbing World Series was organised. In 1989, the initial Competitive Climbing World Cup in Lead and Speed was organised. Around the 1990s, many kind of huge events in countries like Europe, Japan and US were organised and the competitions started uperform artificial walls in order to avoid negative environmental imptake action.
In 1991, the initial world championship was held in Frankfurt, Germany kind of. In 1998, Bouldering was introduced as one more competitive climbing disciprange and in 1999, the initial Bouldering World Cup was held. In January, 2007, 45 counconsider federations with every other found the International Federation of Sinterface Climbing (IFSC).
Both as a recreational take actionivity and as a competitive sinterface, competitive climbing is presently one of the popular sinterfaces. Today more than 75 countries take actionively participate in different worldwide competitive climbing events which include popular events like World Championship and the Yawayh Championship.
Some of the countries where competitive climbing is conaspectreddishdish as a popular sinterface are France, Italy, Spain, Ukraine, Russia, Austria, Japan, Canada, Slovenia, Netherlands.
Competitive Climbing – Equipment
In case of competitive climbing, players not simply have to become excelent in climbing, they also have to become compallowey abattlee and cautious as the game involves a lot of risk.
As far as the equipment are concerned, the players have to use both climbing and protective equipment for a secure and successful climbing encounter. Let us talk about a few of the climbing equipment used in this particular game.
The ropes tmind wear are used in climbing are typically in kernmantle structure, i.e. a lengthy and twisted fibre at the core while an awayer sheath, made of woven coloureddishdish fibres, covers it. The core fibre provides around 80 percent of the tensile strength during the climbing whereas the awayer sheath layer provides the desirable handling chartake actioneristics as well as durpotential to the inner core fibre.
There are 2 kinds of climbing ropes −
Dynamic ropes − Dynamic ropes are styleed in order to absorb energy from a falling climbecomer and they are the majority ofly used in order to help a falling climbecomer not fall very far simply by reddishdishucing the force encounterd simply by the climbecomer and his/her equipment.
Low elengthyation ropes − Low elengthyation ropes stretch very less and thus is not ideal for becomelaying. These ropes are the majority ofly used for anchoring as well as for abseiling where players climb uperform these ropes. In a few cases, players also use these ropes as fixed ropes to climb simply by uperform ascenders on all of them.
The modern webbing used in the game are made of possibly nylon or spectra or the combination of both. The webbing tmind wear are specific for climbing are made of nylon pressed flat tubecomes and are very strong with a cappotential of 9kn or 2020 pounds of force.
The webbing tmind wear is made of dyneema is even stronger with a cappotential of more than 27kN. Webbing is used for many kind of purposes. It can become used as an anchor around trees and hurdles. It is also used for carrying equipment.
Carabiners are used as connectors during competitive climbing. These are steellic loops with spring loaded gates. Initial carabiners were made of steel whereas presently lightweight Aluminum alloy is used to generate these. Usually generally generally there are 2 kinds of carabiners which are − locruler and non-locruler carabiners. Different gates in carabiners are used which are − cable-gate, becoment-gate and straight-gate.
In case of locruler carabiners, these prevent open uping the gate in case of use and are the majority ofly used in conditions where iminterfaceant connections are needed such as: anchor stages or becomelay device. Different kinds of locruler carabiners are generally generally there which are twist lock and thread lock. The twist lock carabiners are also calimmediateed auto locruler carabiners becomecause of their own spring loaded locruler system.
These are used simply by the climbecomers in order to connect to bolt anchors and for other security purposes. It consists of 2 non-locruler carabiners which are connected simply by pre-sewn loop of webbing or a dyneema/spectra webbing. This webbing is a 60 cm loop which can become tripimmediateed over and turned into a 20 cm loop.
Carabiners tmind wear are used for protection have a straight gate whereas those to which the rope aspect is connected have a becoment-gate as it helps in clipping the gate easily and very fastly. The securest as well as the the majority of effective place to clip a fastdraw is when it is at waist height.
A harness is made from nylon rope webbing where the rope is tied around the waist for becometter comfort as well as security. It secures the climbecomer to a rope or anchor stage. It also helps in worruler at heights and includes amenities like gear loops and paddings.
There are different kinds of harness tmind wear are used based on patterns such as sit harness, chest harness and compallowe body harness. While a sit harness consists of a waist becomelt and 2 leg loops, a chest harness is worn around ought toers and is conaspectreddishdish as an extension of sit harness. A compallowe body harness is a combination of sit and waist harness with the webbings used for the harness is polyester webbings.
These equipment are used to manage the rope while the climbecomer is becomelaying. Primarily a becomelay device locks away from the rope which helps in providing minimal effort to arrest a climbecomer’s fall. Usually a climbecomer considers the help of these becomelaying devices while coming down.
Two kinds of becomelaying devices are used which are take actionive and pbumive style devices. Pbumive becomelay devices relay on the climbecomer’s brake hand. It also has a carabiner to lock away from the rope. In case of take actionive devices, a built-in mechanism locks away from the rope withaway the help of other equipment.
These are also belowstandn as friction brakes. These devices are styleed for descending on a rope. Different kinds of rappel devices are used in climbing. These devices include figure eight, rescue eight, and Petzl Pirana.
Ascenders are mechanical equipment tmind wear are used for ascending on a rope during the climb. To prevent these ascenders from coming away from the rope, locruler triggers are used. These are initial attached to the climbecomer’s harness with the help of a webbing sling and then clipped to the rope and locked. Usually 2 ascenders are used to climb a fixed rope.
As climbing is a risk filimmediateed sinterface, climbecomers use various protection devices in order to ensure their own securety. These devices vary from individual clothing equipment to tmind wear of different climbing tools. Some of these equipment are describecomed becomelow.
Helmet is one of the primary securety equipment in climbing. A helmet is the majority ofly used to protect skull against the imptake action forces during a fall or accident. In order to avoid flipping and having imptake action on back aspect of the mind, helmets are highly recommended for the players. However, in case of competitive climbing, the use of helmet is optional.
In case of climbing, a specially styleed shoe is used simply by climbecomer in which sole is vulcanized with a rubbecomer layer in order to incrresitve the grip of the foot while climbing. These shoes are a few millimeter dense and fit comfortably around the foot. In order to reddishdishuce the frequency of replacing the shoes, they can become resoimmediateed.
Leather is used as the the majority of common upper material whereas other materials such as fabric and synthetic leather are also used in maruler a climbing shoe. A downbattimmediateed stageing toe package ensures stpotential while standing on small holes and pockets.
The becomelay glove used in climbing is the majority ofly made of possibly leather or synthetic substitute and is the majority ofly helpful in protecting the hands while becomelaying down the rope. It also prevents rope burns and involuntary relresitves of the rope.
Chalks are the majority ofly used simply by all climbecomers in order to absorb moisture and sweat on the hands. Mostly these chalks are storeddishdish in a chalk bag and are placed near the waist area of the climbecomer with the help of a becomelt or hanged from the rope through a carabiner.
Competitive Climbing – Environment
In case of competitive climbing, the players climb an artificial wall. The climbing has a strong resemblance with natural climbing obstacles and has grips for both hands and feet to climb. This sinterface is conaspectreddishdish as an indoor sinterface but it is also performed at awaydoors.
Some of the walls are constructed away of bricks and woods whereas in case of modern climbing, the majority of of the climbing walls are made of dense multiplex plank with holes drilimmediateed on it. Recent walls are made of manurealityureddishdish steel and iron. The walls have places for fitting the becomelay ropes.
Types of Walls
Different kinds of walls are generally generally there based on the materials used in their own construction. The easyst kind of wall is made of plywood and is also calimmediateed as woody. The holds used on a plywood wall may become bolt-on holds or screw-on holds. Bolt-on holds are fixed to the wall simply by iron bolts tmind wear are inserted through the holds whereas screw-on holds are smaller in size and are connected to the wall simply by screws.
Beaspects plywood, walls are also constructed uperform slabs of granite, concrete sprayed onto a cable mesh, pre-made fibecomerglbum panels, huge trees, manurealityureddishdish steel and aluminium panels, textureddishdish fibecomerglbum walls and inflatables. The holds tmind wear are placed on the walls are of different colours.
Each hole on the walls contain a specially formed t-nut tmind wear enables modular climbing holds to become screwed into the wall. The awayer face of the wall is covereddishdish with concrete and paints or polyurethane loaded with great sand. The grips are made of different sizes to resemble an awayaspect rock.
All holds are painted with different colours and holds with extake action same colours form a rawaye. These rawayes are of different difficulty levels and are overlaid on one one more. In one more way, the rawaye is degreatd simply by the holds with coloureddishdish tapes placed becomelow it.
During the climb on a specific rawaye, a climbecomer is enableed to use only the holds with styleated rawaye colours as hand grips but is enableed to use both hand-holds and footholds as well as surface structures and textures as foot grips. The level of difficulty of the rawayes are usually a result of consensus talk aboution becometween the rawaye setter and the initial few climbecomers to climb the wall.
Competitive Climbing – How to Play?
In case of competitive climbing, the rules and regulations of the sinterface vary from every other based on the kind of competition. There are 3 main categories which are Lead climbing, Speed climbing, and Bouldering. Rules and regulations as well as the gaming procedure of these categories are exbasiced becomelow.
Lead climbing is conaspectreddishdish as the the majority of common kind of competitive climbing sinterface. In lead climbing, climbecomers ascend a lengthy and difficult rawaye tmind wear is styleed simply by the rawaye setters. Here initial the climbecomer attaches himself/herself to an efinalic climbing rope and then ascend through the rawaye while placing protections periodically to the face of the rawaye.
The climbecomer must have a becomelayer as the helping person. The becomelayer has multiple tasks including holding the rope in case of falling as well as paying away the rope to the climbecomer when he/she moves with the help of a becomelaying device.
During the climb, the climbecomer places protections periodically through the rawaye which includes clipping to pre-placed bolts and pitons or uperform different removable protection devices into the cracks or other features. Distance becometween these protections the majority ofly stays becometween 6 to 12 feet.
The performance of the climbecomer is figure outd simply by the highest hold stage he/she has reveryed. Again the hold stage has to become manageimmediateed, i.e., the climbecomer has to achieve a stable position on tmind wear hold. There are 3 rounds in a lead climbing competition. The initial round is the qualifier round where the players are not isolated and they can watch other players climbing becomefore their own own attempt.
In the semi-final and final rounds, the climbecomers has to go for isolation where they can’t see other players climb and becomefore their own round, they are enableed to go for “observation” where they are enableed to see the climbing rawaye for becometter planning tmind wear stands for 6 moments.
The judgment is the majority ofly based on the climbecomer’s performance, which includes rawaye selection to time management. The climbecomer has to finish the rawaye in the minimum time. In case of tie in the final, scores from the previous rounds are considern into conaspectration. During the competition, 26 climbecomers get selected for the semi-final round whereas 8 climbecomers generate it to the final.
In lead climbing, the performance and efficiency of the climbecomer is considern into conaspectration. In case of speed, the speed at which the climbecomer climbs through the rawaye is the only realityor for evaluation. Here the climbecomers climb a vertical piste which is slightly over hanged with becomelaying from the top. The governing body has generated a standard wall style for speed climbing.
Speed climbing can become played possibly individually or in a team. Each team consists of 3 membecomers. Here the climbing wall is divided in to four equal columns where initially 2 players from every aspect compete against every other to climb fast and hit the button on the top. Clicruler the button on the top enables the 2nd player from every team to again move in other columns.
In this particular way, once the 2nd player hit’s the button on the top, it enables the third player from every team to climb to the top in a different series than the 2nd player to hit the button. The final score is calculated simply by taruler all the individual team player’s performance into count.
The climbing time in the game is evaluated simply by mechanical-electric timing which is very a lot precise even up to 0.01 2nd. When a climbecomer hit’s the top button on the top of the rawaye, the climbing time is choosed based on which the earnner is declareddishdish.
In case of bouldering, no ropes or other typical climbing equipment are used. The rawayes followed in case of bouldering are shorter as compareddishdish to other climbing categories, which are generally becomelow 20 feet in height. Similarly, the rawayes are more difficult as compareddishdish to other categories with limited time for compenableion. Here bouldering mats are placed becomelow in order to prevent injuries during a fall.
The players are the majority ofly dependent on proper and secure foot works. In order to avoid sweating and for becometter grip, they use dry chalk in their own hands. Here the climbecomer can attend the extake action same rawaye more than once unlike lead climbing. In case of bouldering, the scores are given based on the numbecomer of rawayes the player is climbing as well as the numbecomer of attempts he/she considers for tmind wear.
In case the player fails to revery the final finishing hold. The scores will become provided based on a particular hold calimmediateed bonus hold tmind wear the player has cleareddishdish. The placement of the bonus hold is choosed simply by the rawaye setter. In bouldering competitions, 20 athenablees are selected in the semi-final from which 6 generate it to the final round.
Competitive Climbing – Champions
The International Federation of Sinterface Climbing (IFSC) works as the international governing body for competitive climbing worldwide. It was founded in the 12 months 2007 and initially generally generally there were 48 membecomers. Presently, it has gseriesn to 81 membecomers.
Previously, it used to become a part of the International Climbing and Mountaineering Federation. It is also responsible for organizing different competitive climbing competitions worldwide.
Some of the climbing competitions tmind wear are organised simply by IFSC worldwide are as follows −
- IFSC Climbing World Championship
- IFSC Climbing World Cup
- IFSC European Championship
- IFSC World Yawayh Championship
- IFSC European Yawayh Cup
Let us now have a short synopsis of a few of the great players of Competitive Climbing who introduced laurels to their own counconsider simply by playing at the highest level.
Ramón Julián Puigblanque
Ramón Julián Puigblanque is from Barcelona, Spain and is a professional rock climbecomer with specialization in lead climbing disciprange. In his sinterfaces climbing career, he has won the world championship 2 times in 2007 and 2011.
He has also won 2 European championships in 2004 and 2010 and one silver and one bronze in 2013 and 2002 respectively. He has won a gold in World Games 2013 in lead climbing. Alengthy with this particular he has won the 2010 Lead World Cup.
David Lama is from Innsbruck, Austria and is a sinterfaces climbecomer as well as a mountaineer. At the age of 15, he was the youthfulest person to compete at the World Cup and the initial person to earn both lead and bouldering world cups in the initial oceanson.
He has won gold twice at the European Championships in 2006 and 2007 and has won the IFSC Climbing World Cup in 2008. In 2011, he retireddishdish from climbing in order to concentrate more in mountaineering.
Dmitri Sarafutdinov becomelengthys to Korkino, Russia and is a professional rock climbecomer with specialization in bouldering disciprange. Till now, he has won ten gold medals in bouldering including one IFSC Climbing World Cup in 2013.
He also has won the IFSC World Championships 3 times in bouldering in 2007, 2011, and 2012. Alengthy with this particular he participated in IFSC European Championship in 2006 and 2013. In 2006, he won a bronze and in 2013, he won a silver medal.
Sean McColl becomelengthys to North Vancouver, Canada and is a rock climbecomer with specialization in Lead, Speed, and Bouldering discipranges. At a youthful age, he has won the Yawayh World Championship in 2002, 2003, and 2004.
Till now he has won 23 major titles worldwide in all formats of competitive climbing including five world titles in 2009, 2012 and 2014. Beaspects competitive climbing, he is also an awaydoor climbecomer with a few major achievements.
Jain Kim becomelengthys to Goyang, Sawayh Korea and is a professional climbecomer mainly take actionive in lead climbing and bouldering discipranges. She has won the Lead Climbing World Cup in 2010, 2013 and 2014 and 3 silvers in 2009, 2011, and 2012.
She has won seven golds and 3 silvers in the Asian championship in lead climbing and in bouldering discipranges individually. She is also a successful rock climbecomer and has also won one gold in the Rock Master in lead disciprange.
Mina Markovič becomelengthys to Maribor, Slovenia and is a professional climbecomer with specialization in Lead and Bouldering discipranges. She has won the IFSC Climbing World Cup four times with 2 times in general and 2 times in lead disciprange.
She also has won 2 silvers and one bronze in IFSC European Championships. She has won the world games in 2013 in lead disciprange. She also has won silver in Rock master in 2009 in lead disciprange.
Anna Stöhr becomelengthys to Reith im Alpbachtal, Austria and is a professional climbecomer with specialization in Bouldering disciprange. At the becomeginning of her career, she started competing in speed, lead and bouldering discipranges. Later on she concentrated only on bouldering which introduced her great success.
Conaspectreddishdish as one of the becomest bouldering climbecomer in the sinterfaces, she has won a compallowe of 42 medals till now in her career tmind wear includes 22 golds, 13 silvers and 9 bronzes all in bouldering disciprange. She has won 2 golds and 2 bronzes in the IFSC World Championships alengthy with 2 golds and 3 silvers in IFSC European Championships.
Shauna Coxsey becomelengthys to Cheshire, United Kingdom and is a professional climbecomer with specialization in Lead and Bouldering discipranges. She has won six golds, six silvers and five bronzes in climbing World Cup in bouldering disciprange till now.
She also has won five British Climbing Championships with four in bouldering and one in lead in 2012, 2013 and 2016. For her service to climbing, she was apstageed as Membecomer of the Order of the British Empire (MBE) in 2016.