SAP CCA

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SAP CCA – Overlook at

A Cost centre is degreatd as a component in an organization that adds to the cost and indirectly adds to the profit of the organization. Examples include Marketing and Customer Service.

A company kind of can courseify business device as profit centre, cost centre or an investment centre. The easy and straightforbattled division in an organization can be courseified as cost centre as cost is easy to measure.

To generate a cost centre in system, you need to degreat a cost centre hierarchical structure. The structure of a Cost centre and it’s charconsider actioneristics depend on the accounting objective and on the system, you want to use to maintain accounting.

Use of a Cost Center

Following are the key uses to generate cost centres and performing cost centre accounting in an organization −

  • Cost centre is used to align overmind costs with consider actioniviconnects performed in an organization. It is achievable to bumign different consider actionivity type to a cost centre.

  • You perform cost centre accounting to manage cost in the organization and to check profitability of every functional area and decision-maruler data.

  • You can manage and analyze the overmind cost in an organization and verify if they are incurreddish-coloureddish in the organization consider actioniviconnects.

  • When you plan costs at cost centre, this enables you to check the cost efficiency at the point when costs are incurreddish-coloureddish in the organization.

  • You can directly bumign the cost-to-cost centres for items, services, and market segments, which are involved in performing these consider actioniviconnects.

You have to implement Cost Center Accounting with Financial Accounting, which includes General Ledger (G/L), Accounts Payable (AP) and Account Receivable (AR). To implement Cost Center Accounting with Finance Accounting, you need to generate company kind of code, Chart of Accounts COA’s in Financial Accounting.

Key Features of Cost Center

The key features of Cost Center are −

  • Actual Cost Accounting − You can transfer consider actionual cost from other components like Material Management MM, Asset Accounting AA, etc. and you can furthermore record other consider actionual cost in the system.

  • Actual Cost Allocation − There are different methods that you can use to record consider actionual cost. Actual cost can be distinguished as per transconsider actionion-based allocation and period based allocation.

  • Plan cost allocation − You can furthermore plan the consider actionual cost allocations for the cost centres.

  • Activity Accounting − This is used to calculate the operating cost. For a cost centre and consider actionivity, awayplace degreats the target cost of cost centre.

Hierarchy of Cost Center

In the following illustration, you can see cost centre hierarchy. At the top, you have organization, which is further divided as per the functional areas. Each Functional area is further divided into sub-areas and can be further divided as per the consider actioniviconnects performed.

Hierarchy of Cost Center

SAP CCA – Activity Types

Activity type is degreatd as consider actionivity performed in Cost Center wislim controlling area. For every cost centre, you perform the following consider actioniviconnects −

Activiconnects performed simply by the Cost Center

  • Costs are debited to items when they use the consider actioniviconnects of the Cost Center.

  • In Cost Center Accounting, to plan and allocate the consider actioniviconnects, the system records quanticonnects that are measureddish-coloureddish in consider actionivity devices.

  • Each consider actionivity in a Cost Center contains consider actionivity types and the costs can be allocated to these consider actionivity types.

  • When you generate the consider actionivity types, prices of these can be entereddish-coloureddish manually or this can be calculated in the system as per the costs allocated.

  • The cost planning, allocation and control can be performed while defining consider actionivity or can furthermore be performed at Cost Center.

Setting up Activity Types

To generate an consider actionivity type, follow the given steps −

Step 1 − Use the T-Code: KL01

KL01

Step 2 − In the next window, you have to select Controlling Area.

  • Enter the name Activity Type
  • Validity Date
  • Click Master data

Select Controlling Area

Step 3 − Go to Master data and you can see different tabs in next window. Go to easy tab and enter the following details.

  • Activity Name
  • Description
  • Activity Unit
  • CCtr Categories

Activity type category − You can select from the following options.

Master Data

Step 4 − Enter the details in other fields as shown below.

Create Activity Type

Step 5 − Go to the Outplace tab to degreat the awayplace device.

Outplace Tab

Step 6 − Once you degreat all the fields, click the save button at the top.

Activity Type Created

Assign rates for an consider actionivity

Step 1 − If you want to bumign the Rates for an consider actionivity type & Cost Center in the combination, you can use T-Code: KP26

KP26

Step 2 − In next screen, you have to enter the following details.

  • Enter version as 0 from period 1 and to period as 12
  • Fiscal Year
  • Enter the cost centre,
  • Activity type

Change Activity Type

Step 3 − Next go to the Overlook at screen at the top to bumign hrly rate.

Enter per hr Rate below Fixed price and set value as 2 for distribution key and plan price indicator as 3.

You can use this combination of consider actionivity type and Cost Center while creating work centres to be bumigned.

SAP CCA – Master Data

In SAP system, you use Cost Center to figure out generally there the structure of your own organization. Master data in Cost Center remains exconsider action exact same for lengthyer time periods. In order to find away errors in Cost Center, you need to execute Cost Center planning that generates area reports. It is essential to maintain master data exconsider action exact same to perform these analysis.

You can maintain master data in SAP system manually or move from the external system. To load the master data, you can use following processes −

  • External data from Functional modules
  • External data from BAPI’s

In SAP system, you generally have 2 types of data −

Transconsider actionion data

Transconsider actionion data maintains on changing in system and is storeddish-coloureddish in line item tables.

Master data

You can use the following functions to generate or alter the master data −

  • Cost Center
  • Cost Elements
  • Activity Types
  • Key Figures
  • Resources

For every of the above objects, you can perform multiple functions in SAP system. The following functions are available −

Master Data Elements Functions
Cost Center Create, Change, Display, Deenablee and Display Changes
Cost Elements Create, Change, Display, Deenablee and Display Changes
Activity Types Create, Change, Display, Deenablee and Display Changes
Key Figures Create, Change, Deenablee and Display
Business Processes Create, Change, Deenablee and Display

Cost Center

Cost centre in accounting is used to differentiate between different consider actioniviconnects and for differentiated controlling of costs ariperform in an organization. Each cost centre is bumigned with different consider actionivity types and every consider actionivity type shows the specific consider actioniviconnects in cost centre.

Cost centres can be further combined into Cost Center groups and they can be used to generate Cost Center hierarchies simply by combining responsibility area and other fconsider actionors. To generate a Cost Center, you have to 1st degreat Cost Center hierarchical structure.

Cost Elements

Cost Element is known as cost relevant item in Chart of Accounts. In SAP Cost Center Accounting, you have the following Cost elements −

Primary Cost Elements

A Primary cost element is degreatd as elements for which General Ledger Account G/L exists in Finance Accounting FI.

Common primary cost element includes −

  • Personnel Costs
  • Material Costs

Secondary Cost Elements

These elements are maintained in Cost Accounting. To generate a secondary cost element, the system 1st checks already existing accounts in Financial Accounting and if an account exists, then secondary cost element cannot be generated.

Cost element for Order settlement is a common example of secondary cost element.

Cost Element Category Types

Cost element category is used to degreat if you can post to cost element directly or not. When you post a fixed amount to a cost element simply by mentioning account number, it is caldirected direct posting. In direct posting, you can post directly to all primary cost elements simply by specifying the account number.

When you cannot enter account number with posting transconsider actionion and the system figure out generally there’s the account at the time of posting it automatically, is known as indirect posting.

Maintaining Cost Element Master data

In SAP system, cost element master data is maintained uperform time based dependencies. There are different time-based dependencies in a SAP system −

Time-independent fields(I) Fisco-calendar year based fields(Y) Period-based fields(P) Day-based fields(D)
Description Cost element charconsider actionersistics None Default account bumignment
Name Cost element category
Record quality indicator
Unit of measure

Statistical Key Figures

Statistical key figures can be degreatd manually or you can transfer it automatically from the information system of SAP system application.

Key figures can be degreatd as −

  • Fixed values − All the key figures that you degreat as fixed values are available for posit downing in full fiscal calendar year.

  • Total values − Key figures degreatd as generall values are available only for posting in the degreatd period.

Resources

Resources are used to perform quantity-based cost planning for cost centres, orders and WBS element. In SAP system as per the available data, you can select from the following resource types −

  • Type R for overmind cost controlling
  • Type M represents for Material type
  • Type B refers to base planning objects

The structure of resource master data contains the following fields −

  • Resource key
  • Purchaperform organization
  • Resource type
  • Validity period of the resource
  • Plant
  • Resource devices
  • Cost element
  • Resource name
  • Material
  • Base object costing

SAP CCA – Cost Center Groups

You can divide cost centre in cost centre groups. In system, it ought to have at leasternern one group that contains all cost centres and represents the entire business organization. This cost centre group is descrimattress as the standard hierarchy. You can bumign more cost centre groups to the standard hierarchy.

Note − In standard hierarchy, you can only bumign every cost centre to one group.

Create Cost Center Group

To generate a cost centre group −

Step 1 − Navigate to Accounting → Controlling → Cost Center Accounting → Master Data → Cost Element Groups → Create/Change/Display

KAH1 Create

While creating a brand new group, it is achievable to use an existing group as a template. The template group can belengthy to the exconsider action exact same Controlling Area or COA.

Enter the name of brand new group. The highest node contains the group names entereddish-coloureddish. The existing structure is appended to the highest node. This means that every alter to the initial automatically affects the duplicate.

You can generate your own groups successively in the group structure display.

Step 2 − Choose the node that you want to extend the group, and select from Insert at exconsider action exact same level or Insert at lower level.

Structure

You can generate your own groups successively in the group structure display.

Step 3 − Choose the node from which you want to extend the group. Click insert at exconsider action exact same level or Insert at lower level.

Create Group

Step 4 − Enter the name and description for the brand new subgroup.

Subgroup

When you select the sub group and click exconsider action exact same level, a brand new subgroup is generated as shown below −

Select Subgroup

This is how you can degreat cost elements groups and hierarchy in system.

Step 5 − To save the hierarchy, click the save button at the top.

Saved

SAP CCA – Creating a Cost Center

In this chapter, we will understand how to generate Cost Center.

Step 1 − To generate Cost Center, you can use T-code: KS01.

KS01

Step 2 − Enter the Controlling Area in the next screen and click the tick mark icon.

Controlling Area

Step 3 − A brand new window will open up. Enter the following details and click Master Data.

  • New cost centre number.
  • Validity dates of the brand new cost centre. You can furthermore generate a brand new cost centre with a reference.

Data Master

Step 4 − Once you click master data, a brand new window will open up. Enter the following details in easy data tab −

  • Enter the name of the brand new cost centre
  • Enter a description for the brand new cost centre
  • Enter the User and Person Responsible
  • Cost Center Category
  • Hierarchy area
  • Company kind of Code
  • Profit Center

Basic Data tab

Step 5 − Next, below the Control tab, select the proper indicators.

Control Tab

Step 6 − Click the save icon at the top.

Save

SAP CCA – Cost Center Posting

To post to a cost centre, follow the given steps.

Step 1 − Use T-code: FB50

FB50

Step 2 − Select the company kind of code for which you want to post.

Company kind of Post

Step 3 − Enter the following details.

  • Document date
  • Company kind of code
  • G/L Account for the Debit Entry out out generally there which is to be posted to the Cost Center
  • Debit Amount
  • Cost Center in which the Amount is to be posted
  • G/L Account for Creddish-coloureddishit Entry out out generally there
  • Creddish-coloureddishit Amount

Details

Press the save button at the top to post this cost centre.

SAP CCA – Linruler Order Reason

In Cost Center determination, you can link a cost centre to order reason.

Step 1 − To link a cost centre, you can use T-Code: OVF3 or navigate to SPRO → IMG → Sales and Distribution → Basic Functions → Account Assignment & Costing → Assign Cost Centers.

OVF3

Step 2 − To generate a brand new entry out out generally there for cost centre determination, click New Entries.

Cost Center Determination

Step 3 − In the next window, you have the following fields to enter −

  • SOrg
  • Distribution Channel
  • Division
  • Order Reason: You can select from the following order reason types −

Internet OK

Select all the fields and click the save icon at the top.

SAP CCA – Internal Order

SAP CCA – Internal Order monitors the parts of the costs and in couple of cases, the rconsider actionuallyues of the organization.

The following are the key features −

  • You can generate an internal order to monitor the costs of a time-restringented job or the costs for the itemion of consider actioniviconnects.

  • Internal orders can furthermore be used for the lengthy-term monitoring of costs.

  • Investment cost related to fixed bumets are monitoreddish-coloureddish uperform Investment orders.

  • Period-related accrual calculation between expenses in FI and the costing-based costs debited in Cost Accounting are monitoreddish-coloureddish uperform Accrual orders.

  • Costs and rconsider actionuallyues incurreddish-coloureddish for consider actioniviconnects for external partners or for internal consider actioniviconnects that do not form part of the core business for your own organization are monitoreddish-coloureddish uperform order with rconsider actionuallyues.

Creating Internal Order in SAP CCA

To generate internal order in SAP CCA, follow the steps given below −

Step 1 − Use T-code: KO04 or Go to Accounting → Controlling → Internal Orders → Master Data → Order Manager.

KO04

Step 2 − In the next screen, enter the controlling area as shown below.

Control Area

Step 3 − Click the Create button at the top to generate a brand new internal order and enter the order type.

New Internal Order

Step 4 − A brand new window will open up; enter the following details.

  • Company kind of Code
  • Business area
  • Object Clbum of the Order
  • Profit Center
  • Cost Center responsible for the internal order

New Window

Step 5 − After entering the above details, click the save button at the top to generate the internal order.

Created Internal Order

SAP CCA – Settlement of IO

An internal order is used as an interim collector of costs and is used for planning, monitoring, and controlling processes needed. When the job has been generalld, you settle the costs to one or more receivers like cost centres, fixed bumets, etc.

Settlement of IO to Cost Centers

We will see how to perform settlement of IO to Cost Centers.

Step 1 − Use T-code: KO02 or Go to Accounting → Controlling → Internal Orders → Master Data → Special Functions → Change.

Change

Step 2 − A brand new window will open up, enter the Order number for which the settlement is to be done.

Change Internal Order Number

Step 3 − Click the Settlement rule button at the top.

Settlement Rule

Step 4 − Enter the following details.

  • Category Column enter 'CTR' for cost centre.
  • Settlement receiver Column, enter the Cost Center in which the Order is to be settdirected.
  • Enter the percentage amount which is to be settdirected.
  • Settlement type, Enter 'PER' for periodic settlement.

Maintain Settlement Rule

Step 5 − Click the save button at the top to save the settlement rule and come back to main screen.

Step 6 − Enter the T-code: KO88 and enter the following details.

  • Order for which the settlement rule is maintained
  • Period for settlement
  • Fiscal Year
  • Uncheck the Test Run

Step 7 − Click the Execute Button to operate the settlement.

Execute Button

A brand new window will open up with Settlement display message. Click the Continue button to generall the process.

SAP CCA – Profit Center

SAP CCA-Profit centre is used for managing internal controlling. When you are dividing your own company kind of into profit centres, it enables you to delegate responsibiliconnects to the decentralized devices and enables you to treat those as separate companies in a company kind of. It furthermore enables you to calculate key figures in cost accounting like- ROI, Cash flow, etc.

Profit Center is a part of Enterprise Controlling module and is withintegrated with brand new General Ledger Accounting.

Key Features of SAP CCA Profit Center

  • Profit Center Accounting is used to figure out generally there profit for internal areas of responsibility.

  • It enables you figure out generally there profit’s and losses uperform either period accounting or the costof-sales approach.

  • It enables you to analyze fixed bumets simply by profit centre, thus uperform all of all of them as investment centres. This generates it achievable to expand profit centres to investment centres.

Why do we generate Profit Center?

The main aim of creating a Profit Center in Controlling is to analyze the cost of a item line or a business device.

You can furthermore generate profit and loss accounts according to Profit Center and furthermore generate balance sheets however Profit centre ought to only be used for internal reporting purposes.

The key components of a profit centre includes- name of the profit centre, the controlling area below which it is bumigned, time period, person responsible for the profit centre, standard hierarchy, etc.

To generate a Profit Center, follow the steps given below −

Step 1 − Use T-code: KE51 or go to Accounting → Controlling → Profit Center Accounting → Master Data → Profit Center → Individual Procesperform → Create.

Create

Step 2 − In the next screen, enter the controlling area in which profit centre is to be generated and click the tick mark icon.

Profit Center

Step 3 − In the next screen, enter the unique profit centre ID and click Master Data.

Profit Center Id

Step 4 − A brand new window will open up, enter the following details.

  • Profit centre name and short description of the profit centre.
  • Person responsible for the profit centre.
  • Profit centre group for which the profit centre belengthys.

Create Profit Center

Step 5 − Click the save icon at the top to generate the profit centre in inconsider actionive mode. To consider actionivate the profit centre, click the icon as shown below.

Click Icon

Create Profit Center Group

To generate Profit Center Group −

Step 1 − Use T-code: KCH1 or go to Accounting → Controlling → Profit Center Accounting → Master Data → Profit Center Group → Create.

Profit Center Group

Step 2 − Enter the Controlling Area in which the profit centre is to be generated.

Profit Center Created

Step 3 − Enter the Unique Profit Center Group Id as shown below and press Enter.

Unique Profit Center

Step 4 − Enter the short description for the profit centre group and click the save icon at the top.

Saved

SAP CCA – Postings to Profit Center

To generate posting to Profit centre, follow the steps given below −

Step 1 − Use T-Code: FB50 and enter the following details.

Document date and Company kind of code.

Company kind of Code.jpg

Step 2 − Enter the line items.

Line Items

Step 3 − After entering the line items, select the debit line item and click the detail item button given below.

Entering Line Items

A brand new window will open up. Enter the Profit centre and click the save icon at the top.

SAP CCA – Profit Center Standard Hierarchy

SAP CCA – Profit centre standard hierarchy contains all the profit centres in a controlling area. If you want to generate/alter the structure of standard hierarchy, it can be done at 2 places −

  • In the Profit Center Accounting
  • In Customizing for Profit Center Accounting

Creating Profit Center Standard Hierarchy

To generate Profit Center Standard Hierarchy −

Step 1 − Use T-code: KCH1 or go to Accounting → Controlling → Profit Center Accounting → Master Data → Standard Hierarchy → Create.

KCH1

Step 2 − In the next screen, enter the Controlling area for which you want to generate a Standard hierarchy.

Create Standard Hierarchy

Step 3 − Enter the Profit Center Group and click the hierarchy icon at the top. Enter the sub nodes of Profit Center Standard Hierarchy.

Create Profit Center Group

Step 4 − Click Lower lever button to generate a Hierarchy. Click Profit centre to bumign Profit Center group.

Assign Profit Center Group

Assigning Profit Center Group

Step 5 − Click the save button at the top and you will get a confirmation message.

Saved

Assignment of Cost Centers to Profit Center

You can bumign cost centres to profit centre in an organization to reflect all the primary costs from Financial Accounting and all secondary allocations to profit centres in Cost Center Accounting.

When you bumign a cost centre to profit centre, you bumign all the bumets of cost centre to the profit centre.

Step 1 − To bumign Cost Center to profit centre, navigate to SPRO → SAP Reference IMG → Controlling → Profit Center Accounting → Assignments of Account Assignment objects to Profit Center → Assign Cost Centers → Execute.

Profit Center Accounting

Step 2 − Enter the Cost centre to be bumigned to Profit centre.

Cost Center

Step 3 − In the next screen, enter the profit centre to which cost centre is bumigned and click the save icon at the top.

Cost Center Assigned

Assigning Materials to Profit Center

Assignment of material to profit centre provides you with default values for sales order and manufconsider actionuring orders. The bumignment of material is applicable for one plant or you can bumign materials simply by changing material master record directly in the system.

To bumign material master to Profit Center −

Step 1 − Go to SPRO → SAP Reference IMG → Controlling → Profit Center Accounting → Assignments of Account Assignment objects to Profit Center → Material → Assign Material Masters → Execute

Assign Material Masters

Step 2 − A brand new window will open up, enter the material Id for which profit centre is to be bumigned and press Enter.

Material Id

Step 3 − Select look at of material master.

View Material Master

Step 4 − A brand new window will open up, enter the following details.

Organizational Levels

A brand new window will open up. Enter the Profit Center and click the save icon at the top.

SAP CCA – Compare CO, PC, IO

Following are the key differences between Cost Center, Profit Center, and Internal Order.

Cost Center

A Cost centre is degreatd as a component in an organization that adds to the cost and indirectly adds to the profit of the organization. Examples include Marketing and Customer Service.

A company kind of can courseify business device as profit centre, cost centre or an investment centre. The easy and straightforbattled division in an organization can be courseified as cost centre as cost is easy to measure.

To generate a cost centre in system, you need to degreat a cost centre hierarchical structure. The structure of a Cost centre and it’s charconsider actioneristics depend on the accounting objective and on the system you want to use to maintain accounting.

Features of a Cost Center

  • Cost centre is used to align overmind costs with consider actioniviconnects performed in an organization. It is achievable to bumign different consider actionivity type to a cost centre.

  • You perform cost centre accounting to manage cost in the organization and to check profitability of every functional area and decision-maruler data.

  • You can manage and analyze the overmind cost in an organization and verify if they are incurreddish-coloureddish in the organization consider actioniviconnects.

  • When you plan costs at cost centre, this enables you to check the cost efficiency at the point when costs are incurreddish-coloureddish in the organization.

  • You can directly bumign the cost-to-cost centres for items, services, and market segments, which are involved in performing these consider actioniviconnects.

Profit Center

SAP CCA-Profit centre is used for managing internal controlling. When you are dividing your own company kind of into profit centres, it enables you to delegate responsibiliconnects to the decentralized devices and enables you to treat those as separate companies in a company kind of. It furthermore enables you to calculate key figures in cost accounting like- ROI, Cash flow, etc.

Profit Center is a part of Enterprise Controlling module and is withintegrated with brand new General Ledger Accounting.

Features of a Profit Center

  • Profit Center Accounting is used to figure out generally there profit for internal areas of responsibility.

  • It enables you figure out generally there profit’s and losses uperform either period accounting or the costof-sales approach.

  • It enables you to analyze fixed bumets simply by profit centre, thus uperform all of all of them as investment centres. This generates it achievable to expand profit centres to investment centres.

Internal Order

SAP CCA – Internal Order monitors the parts of the costs and in couple of cases, the rconsider actionuallyues of the organization.

Features of an Internal Order

  • You can generate an internal order to monitor the costs of a time-restringented job or the costs for the itemion of consider actioniviconnects.

  • Internal orders can furthermore be used for the lengthy-term monitoring of costs.

  • Investment cost related to fixed bumets are monitoreddish-coloureddish uperform Investment orders.

  • Period-related accrual calculation between expenses in FI and the costing-based costs debited in Cost Accounting are monitoreddish-coloureddish uperform Accrual orders.

  • Costs and rconsider actionuallyues incurreddish-coloureddish for consider actioniviconnects for external partners or for internal consider actioniviconnects that do not form part of the core business for your own organization are monitoreddish-coloureddish uperform order with rconsider actionuallyues.

SAP CCA – Planning

In SAP system, Cost Center Planning is used to maintain figures for cost, prices and key figures for cost centre in degreatd period of planning. It is a part of business planning process and is requireddish-coloureddish for standard costing.

You perform Cost Center planning to achieve following functions −

  • To Plan the structure
  • To control and monitor business glineth
  • To perform target comparison-plan/consider actionual or target/consider actionual
  • Cost centre planning covers following planning area
  • Cost Element
  • Primary Cost
  • Secondary Cost
  • Rconsider actionuallyue
  • Activity Type
  • Statistical Key Figures

To see details abaway Cost Center planning in SAP system −

Step 1 − Navigate to SPRO → IMG → Controlling → Cost Center Accounting → Planning → Manual Planning → User Degreatd Planning Layaways.

Planning

To perform manual cost planning, SAP system contains different planner profiles for the various planning areas. In planner profile, you can collect planning layaways grouped according to various criteria.

Step 2 − To perform planning and to generate planner profiles in SAP system, navigate to SPRO → IMG → Controlling → Cost Center Accounting → Planning → Manual Planning → Degreat User Degreatd Planner Profiles

Degreatd Planner Profile

Step 3 − To generate a brand new profile, click New Entries. To duplicate an existing profile, click the Copy As option.

Planning New Entries

Step 4 − In the next window, you have enter Profile name, Description, and Authorization Group.

Overlook at Planning

To save the profile, click the save button at the top.

SAP CCA – Period-End Cloperform

Period-end cloperform is the work carried away at the end of a period as a part of cost controlling. To perform period end cloperform, it is requireddish-coloureddish to transfer the data from other SAP Components. You ought to perform all the posting in Finance Accounting.

Example

All invoices ought to be generated and posted in Finance Accounting as a part of Sales and Distribution.

You use reconciliation posting to perform reconciliation between Finance Accounting and Controlling simply by doing relevant allocations in FI.

As part of period-cloperform, following consider actioniviconnects are performed −

  • Periodic reposting
  • Accrual cost calculation
  • Pre-distribution of fixed costs
  • Transfer of statistical key figures from the LIS
  • Overmind calculation
  • Periodic allocations
  • Variance calculation
  • Actual price calculation

SAP CCA – Accrual Calculation

You allocate operating expenses differently in cost accounting as compareddish-coloureddish to Finance accounting. You can distribute irregular occurring expenses as per cost origin, on the months in which they are incurreddish-coloureddish. Hence, you can avoid all irregulariconnects wislim cost accounting. Cost allocated in this way is known as Accrual cost.

Accrual calculation can be performed in the following way −

  • Accruals in the Controlling component based on the costs posted.
  • Accruals in the Financial Accounting component (FI) uperform recurring entries.

In order to perform the accrual calculation in plan or consider actionual from the Cost Center Accounting menu −

Step 1 − Navigate to Accounting → Controlling → Cost Center Accounting → Planning → Planning Aids → Accrual calculation.

Accrual Calculation

Step 2 − In the next window, enter the fiscal calendar year and the posting period. It is achievable to calculate accruals for −

  • An individual cost centre
  • A cost centre group
  • All Cost centres
  • Enter the version

Under Procesperform options, select from the following −

  • Background Procesperform
  • Test Run
  • Detaidirected Lists

Procesperform Option

When you do not select option of background procesperform, accrual calculation are done online and system displays the values calculated for the accrual cost elements. When generally there is big amount of data it is suggested to perform accrual operate in the background procesperform.

Results are displayed as shown below −

Plan Accrual Calculation

Step 3 − Click the Arline mark to perform the calculations.

Perform Calculation

Step 4 − Now to display controlling area, overmind structure bumignments, select Start of the navigation route and go to → Assignments.

Assignments

You will see the following screen.

Screen

Step 5 − When the accrual calculation is done, errors can be checked simply by going to Statistics.

Statistics

Step 6 − When you reverse an accrual calculation, you can reset target = consider actionual creddish-coloureddishit postings and the accrual overmind rates.

You perform Accrual reversal for −

  • Cost Center
  • Cost Center Group
  • All Cost Centers
  • Fiscal calendar year Period

Step 7 − Go to Accrual Calculation → Reverse

Accrual Calculations

Reverse

When you click the arline mark at the top, you will see accrual reversal and the value is displayed with a –ve sign as shown below.

Accrual Reversal

SAP CCA – Schedule Manager

You can perform different periodic in SAP system on regular basis- weekly, monthly, calendar yearly, etc. One of the common task is period-end cloperform. These tasks involve the procesperform of a big number of individual objects and they are supported simply by the individual components of the Schedule Manager. To perform these tasks, you degreat the variables in Schedule Manager and this reddish-coloureddishuces the work that is requireddish-coloureddish to perform these tasks.

You can degreat the following variables in Schedule Manager −

  • Defining Global Variables for the Task List and Flow Definition
  • Defining Selection Variables
  • Specifying Selection Variables in the Program Variants
  • Specifying Selection Variables for Flow Definitions With Parallel Branches

Scheduler in Scheduler Manager

You can use the Scheduler to execute and monitor complex business processes, such as period-end cloperform. If you have the corresponding authorization, you can degreat task lists.

In the structure tree, you can generate the business transconsider actionions (Task) that, for example, generate up period-end cloperform. You can schedule these tasks in the daily overlook at, and if requireddish-coloureddish, the system executes all of all of them.

Creating a Task List in Scheduler

In SAP Schedule Manager, you can use task list as the basis of the scheduler. In Task list, you can arrange tasks or task groups into a chronological structure.

Step 1 − To open up Scheduler Manager, navigate to Accounting → Controlling → Cost Center Accounting → Period End Cloperform → Scheduler Manager.

Schedule Manager

Step 2 − Go to Task list → Create

Task List

Step 3 − Enter the name for the brand new task list. Choose Insert.

New Task List

Step 4 − You can see a brand new screen appears. Enter a description and the display format for the daily and monthly overlook ats.

To save the values, click the Save button

New Screen

If you want to generall a process in Schedule Manager, you can split the process into parts. These can be added or deenableed in the task list.

Step 5 − To insert tasks/ task groups in Task list, click Change Task list.

Change Task List

Step 6 − Next, select the highest node below which you want to generate brand new task/task group.

Right-click to select Insert task or click the Insert task button.

Insert Tasks

Step 7 − In the next window, you have to enter the task details. You can furthermore select a different description for the task/task group.

Select the task type and the Task Owner.

Task Owner

To save the task / task group, click the save button.

How to Change / Deenablee task?

Step 1 − Click the Change task list at the top.

Step 2 − To deenablee a task, proper click → Select Change/deenablee. Save the alters.

Deenablee Tasks

SAP CCA – Variance Calculation

When consider actionual cost on cost centre is different from target cost or planning was over/below, you can see a variance in controlling component. Uperform Variance calculation, you can analyze the consider actionual balance and to find variance of consider actionual cost from target cost with different consider actionivity types.

To perform variance calculation, follow the given steps.

Step 1 − Navigate to Accounting → Controlling → Product Cost Controlling → Cost Object Controlling → Product Cost simply by Period or Product Cost simply by Order → Period-End Cloperform → Single Functions: Product Cost Collector → Single Functions: Cost Object Hierarchy → Variances → Individual Procesperform or Collective Procesperform.

Individual Procesperform

Step 2 − If you want to calculate the variances for a performle cost object hierarchy, you have to select the option – Individual Procesperform and to calculate the variances for all cost object hierarchies in a controlling area, you have to select Collective Procesperform.

Step 3 − Next, degreat whether you want to calculate the variances for all target cost versions or only for a particular target cost version.

Step 4 − You can select the option- Selected target cost versions and specify the target cost version below → Extras → Set versions.

Parameters

Step 5 − Set the indicators for procesperform options. Click the Execute button at the top. The system calculates the variances.

When you select Detail list below Procesperform options, the system displays Variance Calculation List.

SAP CCA – Year-End Cloperform

In calendar year-end cloperform, you can transfer carry forbattled to 1st period of next fiscal calendar year and this is performed for every Controlling below SAP system.

Step 1 − To carry forbattled a commitment, navigate to Accounting → Controlling → Cost Center Accounting → Year end Cloperform → Commitment Carry Forbattled.

Individual Process

Step 2 − In the next window, you have to enter cost centre.

Under procesperform option, you can select from the following indicators −

  • Test operate − Test operate enables the system to carry forbattled the commitment, but does not update the results.

  • Detail lists − When you select detail list, the system displays the results of the commitment carried forbattled.

When you select the Detail list and Test operate, this enables you to check the results of the check operate.

You can use Reversal indicator to ensure that data that has been already carry forbattled will not be reversed again or not.

Carry forbattled Commitment

When you have big amount of data to process, you ought to use the background procesperform. This means you can process data at times of minimal system usage.

Step 3 − To perform background procesperform, go to Program → Execute in Background.

Execute in Background

When you click the execute button while selecting detail and check operate option, result will be displayed as shown below −

Fiscal Year Close

SAP CCA – Product Costing

SAP CCA – Product Costing module is used to find the value of internal cost of items. It is furthermore used for profitability and management accounting for itemion.

While configuring Product Costing, it involves 2 areas for setting −

  • Product Cost Planning
  • Cost Object Controlling

The easys of Product Costing is Cost Center Planning. The goal of cost centre planning is to plan generall moneys and quanticonnects in every Cost Center in a plant.

Step 1T-code: KP06 and enter the controlling area. Cost Center moneys are planned simply by Activity-Type and cost element. You can furthermore enter the variable and fixed money amounts.

Step 2 − You can plan all costs in itemion cost centres where they will end up through allocations, or you can plan costs where they are incurreddish-coloureddish and use plan bumessments and distributions to allocate.

Change Cost Element

Step 2 − To degreat cost centre consider actionivity quanticonnects, use T-code: KP26.

You can furthermore manually enter an consider actionivity rate based on final calendar year's consider actionual values. Note that if you enter an consider actionivity rate instead of uperform the system to calculate a rate, you lose the opportdevicey to relook at consider actionual vs. plan and see money and device variances.

It is a best prconsider actionice to plan consider actionivity quanticonnects based on prconsider actionical instaldirected capacity, which accounts for downtime. If you plan at full capacity, plan consider actionivity rates will be belowestimated.

Example

Let us say we are uperform Product Costing to value our inventory in a cookie baruler store. This will help us value our cookies (compalloweed good), frosting (semi-compalloweed good), and baruler items like eggs, milk, and sugar (raw materials).

In order to calculate costs, we need to come up with rates for every consider actionivity, such as mixing baruler items, oven baruler, and cookie greating. Since a rate is a money per device, we can either come up with a rate based on previous calendar year's consider actionual rates, or enter our generall costs and generall devices.

SAP CCA – Profitability Analysis

SAP COPA is used to analyze the market segments courseified as items, customers, sales area, business area, etc.

SAP CO Profitability Analysis (CO-PA) is used for the evaluation of Market segments, which is courseified according to items, customers, and orders.

  • or any kind of combination of these
  • or Strategic business devices such as sales organizations
  • or business areas, with reference to company kind of's profit
  • or contribution margin.

The following 2 types of Profitability Analysis are supported −

  • Costing-based Profitability Analysis − It is used to group the costs and rconsider actionuallyues as per the value fields. It is used to ensure that you access at all times to a generall, short-term profitability report.

  • Account-based Profitability Analysis − It is used to provide you with a profitability report that is permanently reconcidirected with financial accounting. It is mainly used for getting information related to sales, marketing, item management, and corporate planning departments to support internal accounting and decision-maruler.

Key Components in SAP CO-PA

The key components in SAP CO-PA are as follows −

Actual Posting

It enables you to transfer sales orders and billing documents from the Sales and Distribution application component to CO-PA in real time.

You can furthermore transfer costs from cost centres, orders and projects, as well as costs and rconsider actionuallyues from direct postings or settle costs from CO to profitability segment.

Information System

It enables you to analyze existing data from a profitability standpoint uperform drilldown function in the reporting tool. It enables you to navigate through a multidimensional data cube uperform different functions like drilldown or switching hierarchies.

The system displays data in either value fields or accounts, depending on the currently consider actionive type of Profitability Analysis and the type to which the report structure is bumigned.

Planning

This enables you to generate a sales and profit plan. Whereas both types of Profitability Analysis can receive consider actionual data in parallel, generally there is no common source of planning data. Consequently, you always plan either in accounts (account-based CO-PA) or in value fields (costing-based CO-PA).

The manual planning function enables you to degreat planning screens for your own organization. With this you can display reference data in planning, calculate formulas, generate forecasts, and more. You can perform planning at any kind of level of detail.

For example, you can plan at a higher level, and have this data distributed top-down automatically. In automatic planning, you can duplicate and revaluate consider actionual or planning data for a big number of profitability segments at once.

SAP CCA – Information System

Uperform information system functions, one can perform standard recurring evaluations. As per the requirement, you can generate special reports for unique sit downuations.

With background procesperform, you can carry away all the reports in background and this is very helpful when you are dealing with huge volumes of data.

Uperform Information system, you can perform the following functions −

  • Report Call up
  • Report Procesperform
  • Creating special reports with report painter

SAP CCA – Standard Reports

There are various standard reports that exist in the system for Cost Center Accounting.

  • 1VK Library − This contains report related to cost accounting and is based on full costs.

  • 1GK Library − This contains reports for cost accounting systems based on marginal costs.

  • 1AB library − This is used to maintain the reports for variance analyses.

  • 1 RU library − This is used to maintain summary reports related to generall cost centre accounting process.

Price Reports

Price reports in Cost Center accounting are available for Activity-Types and for consider actionivity based costing. Under Activity-Based Costing, price report are used to provide an overlook at of the process prices for every business process.

Step 1 − To execute price report online, navigate to Information Systems → Accounting → Controlling → Reports for Cost Center Accounting → Prices

Prices

Step 2 − In the next window, you have to select the options below which you want the data in the report.

Step 3 − Enter a cost centre, a cost centre interval, or a cost centre group. You can select either of the value as below.

Cost Center Interval

Step 4 − Enter an consider actionivity type, an consider actionivity type interval, or an consider actionivity type group.

Activity Type

Step 5 − In selection parameters, enter the following details.

  • Version
  • Fiscal calendar year
  • Period from and to

To operate the report, click the Execute button.

Run Report

Step 6 − When you click the Execute button, Price report is displayed as per selection criteria.

Activity Type Price Report

Line Item Report

You can use the following line item reports −

  • Actual line item report − You can display line item reports for archived consider actionual costs.

  • Plan line item report − This report is used to update plan line items.

  • Commitment line item report − This report is used in both Cost Center Accounting and in Overmind Orders.

CO line item report for reconciliation directedger

Step 1 − To execute a line item report, navigate to Information Systems → Accounting → Controlling → Reports for Cost Center Accounting → Line Items.

Step 2 − Select Line Items/ Actual/ Commitment.

Commitment

Step 3 − In the next window, you have to select an object cost element/ cost element interval/a cost element group. Enter the Posting date and Cost Element.

Cost Element Group

Step 4 − Click the Execute button to display the report.

Display to Report

Cost Element Reports

This report is used to perform a comparison of the figures in internal and external accounting, display the costs incurreddish-coloureddish for every object course, and see the cost flows between company kind of codes.

Step 1 − Navigate to Information Systems → Accounting → Controlling → Reports for Cost and Element Accounting.

Reports for Cost

Step 2 − In the next screen, you have to select the document number as shown below.

Select the Document

Step 3 − You can enter the document number directly or other fields if the document number is not available. Click the execute button.

Document Number

SAP CCA – Important Tables

Important Tables in SAP CO
AUSP Charconsider actioneristic Values MANDT / OBJEK / ATINN / ATZHL / MAFID / KLART / ADZHL
CO-KBAS Overmind Cost Controlling
A132 Price per Cost Center MANDT / KAPPL / KSCHL / KOKRS / VERSN / RESRC / KOSTL / DATBI
A136 Price per Controlling Area MANDT / KAPPL / KSCHL / KOKRS / VERSN / RESRC / DATBI
A137 Price per Country out out generally there / Region MANDT / KAPPL / KSCHL / KOKRS / VERSN / RESRC / LAND1 / REGIO / DATBI
COSC CO Objects: Assignment of Original Costing Sheets MANDT / OBJNR / SCTYP / VERSN / GJAHR
CSSK Cost Center / Cost Element MANDT / VERSN / KOKRS / GJAHR / KOSTL / KSTAR
CSSL Cost Center / Activity Type MANDT / KOKRS / KOSTL / LSTAR / GJAHR
KAPS CO Period Locks MANDT / KOKRS / GJAHR / VERSN / VRGNG / PERBL
COKBASCORE Overmind Cost Controlling: General Services
CSKA Cost Elements (Data Dependent on Chart of Accounts) MANDT / KTOPL / KSTAR
CSKB Cost Elements (Data Dependent on Controlling Area) MANDT / KOKRS / KSTAR / DATBI
CSKS Cost Center Master Data MANDT / KOKRS / KOSTL / DATBI
CSLA Activity Master MANDT / KOKRS / LSTAR / DATBI
CO-OM (KACC) Overmind Cost Controlling
COBK CO Object: Document Header MANDT / KOKRS / BELNR
COEJ CO Object: Line Items (simply by Fiscal Year) MANDT / KOKRS / BELNR / BUZEI / PERBL
COEJL CO Object: Line Items for Activity Types (simply by Fiscal Yr) MANDT / KOKRS / BELNR / BUZEI / PERBL
COEJR CO Object: Line Items for SKF (simply by Fiscal Year) MANDT / KOKRS / BELNR / BUZEI / PERBL
COEJT CO Object: Line Items for Prices (simply by Fiscal Year) MANDT / KOKRS / BELNR / BUZEI / PERBL
COEP CO Object: Line Items (simply by Period) MANDT / KOKRS / BELNR / BUZEI
COEPL CO Object: Line Items for SKF (simply by Period) MANDT / KOKRS / BELNR / BUZEI
COEPR CO Object: Line Items for SKF (simply by Period) MANDT / KOKRS / BELNR / BUZEI
COEPT CO Object: Line Items for Prices (simply by Period) MANDT / KOKRS / BELNR / BUZEI
COKA CO Object: Control Data for Cost Elements MANDT / OBJNR / GJAHR / KSTAR / HRKFT
COKL CO Object: Control Data for Activity Types MANDT / LEDNR / OBJNR / GJAHR / VERSN
COKP CO Object: Control Data for Primary Planning MANDT / LEDNR / OBJNR / GJAHR / WRTTP / VERSN / KSTAR / HRKFT / VRGNG / VBUND / PARGB / BEKNZ / TWAER
COKR CO Object: Control Data for Statistical Key Figures MANDT / LEDNR / OBJNR / GJAHR / WRTTP / VERSN / STAGR / HRKFT / VRGNG
COKS CO Object: Control Data for Secondary Planning MANDT / LEDNR / OBJNR / GJAHR / WRTTP / VERSN / KSTAR / HRKFT / VRGNG / PAROB / USPOB / BEKNZ / TWAER
CO-OM-CEL (KKAL) Cost Element Accounting (Reconciliation Ledger)
COFI01 Object Table for Reconciliation Ledger COFIT MANDT / OBJNR
COFI02 Transconsider actionion Dependent Fields for Reconciliation Ledger MANDT / OBJNR
COFIP Single Plan Items for Reconciliation Ledger RCLNT / GL_SIRID
COFIS Actual Line Items for Reconciliation Ledger RCLNT / GL_SIRID
CO-OM-CCA Cost Center Accounting (Cost Accounting Planning)
A138 Price per Company kind of Code MANDT / KAPPL / KSCHL / KOKRS / VERSN / RESRC / BUKRS / GSBER / DATBI
A139 Price per Profit Center MANDT / KAPPL / KSCHL / KOKRS / VERSN / RESRC / PRCTR / DATBI
CO-OMOPA(KABR) Overmind Orders: Application Development R/3 Cost Accounting Settlement
AUAA Settlement Document: Receiver Segment MANDT / BELNR / LFDNR
AUAB Settlement Document: Distribution Rules MANDT / BELNR / BUREG / LFDNR
AUAI Settlement Rules per Depreciation Area MANDT / BELNR / LFDNR / AFABE
AUAK Document Header for Settlement MANDT / BELNR
AUAO Document Segment: CO Objects to be Settdirected MANDT / BELNR / LFDNR
AUAV Document Segment: Transconsider actionions MANDT / BELNR / LFDNR
COBRA Settlement Rule for Order Settlement MANDT / OBJNR
COBRB Distribution Rules Settlement Rule Order Settlement MANDT / OBJNR / BUREG / LFDNR
CO-OM-OPA (KAUF) Overmind Orders: Cost Accounting Orders
AUFK Order Master Data MANDT / AUFNR
AUFLAY0 Entity Table: Order Layaways MANDT / LAYOUT
EC-PCA (KE1) Profit Center Accounting
CEPC Profit Center Master Data Table MANDT / PRCTR / DATBI / KOKRS
CEPCT Texts for Profit Center Master Data MANDT / SPRAS / PRCTR / DATBI / KOKRS
CEPC_BUKRS Assignment of Profit Center to a Company kind of Code MANDT / KOKRS / PRCTR / BUKRS
GLPCA EC-PCA: Actual Line Items RCLNT / GL_SIRID
GLPCC EC-PCA: Transconsider actionion Attributes MANDT / OBJNR
GLPCO EC-PCA: Object Table for Account Assignment Element MANDT / OBJNR
GLPCP EC-PCA: Plan Line Items RCLNT / GL_SIRID
EC-PCA BS (KE1C) PCA Basic Settings: Customizing for Profit Center Accounting
A141 Dependent on Material and Receiver Profit Center MANDT / KAPPL / KSCHL / KOKRS / WERKS / MATNR / PPRCTR / DATBI
A142 Dependent on Material MANDT / KAPPL / KSCHL / WERKS / MATNR / DATBI
A143 Dependent on Material Group MANDT / KAPPL / KSCHL / WERKS / MATKL / DATBI

SAP CCA – Job Responsibiliconnects

Following are the job responsibiliconnects of a SAP CCA Consultant −

  • SAP implementation and support encounter of 3 to 7 calendar years with highest education ICWA/CA preferreddish-coloureddish.

  • Person ought to have hands on encounter in SAP Controlling.

  • Worked on SAP Controlling with hands on encounter in Product costing, Order costing, Cost centre accounting, CO- PA Profitability Analysis, Month and Year end consider actioniviconnects like period end Cloperform, Year-end cloperform, Standard reports in CO, etc.

  • Hands-on encounter in areas of COPA, Product Costing and Profit Center Accounting.

  • Should possess Cross-functional knowdirectedge and integration points to Production, sales and purchaperform.

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