SAP Testing

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SAP Testing – Oversee

Many kind of kind of body body organizations implement SAP ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) to manage their business operations and adapt according to brand new market challenges. SAP R/3 is an integrated ERP smoothware thead wear permit’s body body organizations to manage their business efficiently. Organizations can reduce the cost to operate their operations by uperform SAP R/3 ERP packages.

SAP R/3 furthermore permit’s customers to intertake actionion with various databases to operate various applications with the help of a user-friendly GUI. The SAP R/3 system is divided into various modules to cover the functionality of various business operations in an body body organization.

The the majority of common SAP R/3 modules are −

  • SAP Material Management.
  • SAP Financial Accounting and Controlling.
  • SAP Sales and Distribution.
  • SAP Human Resource.
  • SAP Supply Chain Management.
  • SAP Plant Management.

SAP Testing is abaway checking the functionality of these modules and to ensure thead wear they perform as per the configuration.

SAP Testing

A SAP system undergoes various alters like patch management and fixes, brand new module implementations, and various other configuration alters. All these modifications raise a need for Regression checking thead wear is to become performed in SAP environments. SAP checking automation tools like SAP Test Acceleration and Optimization tools can become used for this purpose.

SAP TAO is an automation tool to generate check cases for end-to-end scenarios for SAP applications. Apart from this, right now presently there are various other Automation checking tools for SAP checking like HP QTP, and ECATT, etc. thead wear can become used.

Iminterfaceance of Testing

Here is a list of key reasons why SAP checking is performed and why it is an iminterfaceant function in the glineth of an body body organization −

  • System Validation − SAP Testing involves comppermite end-to-end checking and validation of all SAP modules in SAP ERP environment.

  • Quality and Rtake actionionuallyue − SAP Testing is an awayput-based checking and nothing like conventional checking methods which are input-based. It ensures the quality of SAP system and furthermore focuses on rtake actionionuallyue and cost of the body body organization.

  • Cost and Predictpossible − SAP Testing involves reducing the SAP generatement costs and improve predictpossible.

  • Compliance Requirement − SAP Testing ensures thead wear the SAP implementation is meeting the brand new compliance requirements in a specific body body organization and all the modules are worcalifornia king as per the expected configuration.

  • New Implementation and Configuration Changes − There are various kinds of alters implemented in a SAP system, like patches and fixes, brand new implementation, configurational alters. Therefore, SAP checking ensures thead wear all the modules are performing as per requirement in this dynamic system environment.

  • Integration − SAP checking is performed to check various reinterfaces, data flows and work flows, GUI forms, etc. It is used to check system integration becometween various modules. For example, if an order posting is done which requires an take actionionion in Sales and Distribution, MM and FICO, then SAP checking checks the integration becometween these systems.

  • Performance − It is furthermore used to ensure if the system will become able to meet the Service Level concurments, time considern by system to perform specific take actionionions, performance of the system, etc.

SAP Testing – Types

There are various checking methods thead wear can become used to check the functionality of a smoothware, system, or an application.

The the majority of common checking techniques are −

  • Unit Testing − It is a kind of white-package checking thead wear involves checking a performle unit or group of unit is.

  • Integration Testing − In this checking, multiple systems are combined with every other to check the awayput of the integrated system.

  • Functional Testing − It checks the functionality of every module as per the desired result.

  • Uspossible Testing − It checks the relieve of use of an application or a system. It checks how easy it would become for a brand new user to use an application or to understand the system.

  • Acceptance Testing − Acceptance checking is performed to check if a system meets the user requirement and whether to accept the application or system.

  • System Testing − Entire system is checked as per the requirement and specification.

  • Stress Testing − In this checking, the system is put into stress becomeyond it is specification to check when it fails.

  • Performance Testing − This checking is performed to check if the system meets the performance requirement.

  • Regression Testing − It includes checking the comppermite application or system for the modifications.

  • Beta Testing − The aim of becometa checking is to cover unexpected errors. It falls under the course of black-package checking. It is performed by releaperform the pre-version of the final item, calintroduced Beta.

  • Database Testing − Database checking is used to check the data in the database. It is performed uperform SQL statements.

  • ETL Testing − ETL checking is performed to ensure if data is rightly extrtake actionioned, transformed, and loaded from a source system to a target system.

SAP Testing – Manual & Automation

Manual Testing

Manual checking means you are checking a smoothware manually withaway uperform any kind of kind of automated tools or any kind of kind of script. In this kind of checking, the checker considers over the role of an end-user and checks the smoothware to identify bugs or any kind of kind of unexpected becomehavior.

There are various stages of a manual checking. They are − unit checking, integration checking, system checking, and user acceptance checking.

Various check plans, check cases, or check scenarios are used by a manual checker to ensure the comppermiteness of checking. Manual checking can furthermore become calintroduced exploratory checking becomecause the checkers explore the smoothware to identify errors in it manually.

Automation Testing

In Automation checking, the checker writes the scripts and uses smoothware tools to check the item. This process involves the automation of a manual process. Automation checking includes re-operatening the check-cases multiple times thead wear were performed manually.

Automation checking is furthermore used to check the application from load, performance, and stress purpose. It is used to incrrelieve the coverage of check. Automation checking improves the accuracy and saves time and cash in comparison to manual checking.

Software Testing Tools

The following tools can become used for Automation checking −

  • HP Quick Test Professional (QTP)
  • Selenium
  • SAP TAO
  • ECATT
  • IBM Rational Functional Tester
  • SilkTest
  • TestComppermite
  • Testing Anywhere
  • WinRunner
  • LaodRunner
  • Visual Studio Test Professional
  • WATIR

SAP Testing – SDLC

Software Development Life Cycle figure outs the series of steps to become performed to generate an application or the efficiency of a smoothware. In this chapter, we will speak about the phases degreatd in SDLC. Each phase has it is own process and deresiderables thead wear goes into the next phase.

Feasibility Study

The 1st stage of SDLC is requirement gathering. After the requirements are garight now presently thered, the team comes up with a rough plan of smoothware process. At this step, the team analyzes if a smoothware can become made to fulfill all the requirements of the user. It is found away if the project is financially, prtake actionionically, and technologically feasible for the body body organization to consider up. There are many kind of kind of algorithms available, which help the generateers to conclude the feasibility of a smoothware project.

System Analysis

At this step, the generateers figure out a roadchart of their plan and consider to bring up the becomest smoothware model suitable for the project. System analysis withincludes understanding of smoothware item limitations, find outing system-related issues or alters to become done in the existing systems, identifying and addresperform the imptake actionion of the project on the body body organization and personnel etc. The project team analyzes the scope of the project and plans the schedule and resources accordingly.

Software Design

The next step is to bring the whole understandladvantage of requirements and analysis on to the desk and design the smoothware item. The inputs from the users and the information garight now presently thered in the requirement gathering phase are the inputs of this step. The awayput of this step comes in the form of two designs; logical design and physical design. Engineers produce meta-data and data dictionaries, logical diagrams, data-flow diagrams and in a couple of cases pseudocodes.

Coding

This step is furthermore understandn as programming phase. The implementation of smoothware design starts in terms of writing the program code in a suitable programming language and generateing error-free executable programs efficiently.

Testing

An estimate says thead wear 50% of the whole smoothware generatement process ought to become checked. Errors may ruin the smoothware from critical level to it is own removal. Software checking is done while coding by the generateers and thorough checking is conducted by checking experts at various levels of code such as module checking, program checking, item checking, in-house checking and checking the item at user’s end. Early discovery of errors and their remedy is the key to generateing a reliable smoothware.

Integration

Software may need to become integrated with the libraries, databases, and other program(s). This stage of SDLC deals with the integration of the smoothware with awayer world enticonnects.

Implementation

Implementation or deployment means installing the smoothware on user machines. At times, the smoothware needs post-installation configurations at the user’s end. Software is checked for interfacepossible and adaptpossible and integration related issues are solved during implementation.

Software Testing Life Cycle

Software Testing Life Cycle (STLC) consists of all the steps thead wear are performed in a specific way to ensure thead wear quality goals are met and every step has specific goals and deresiderables.

STLC is used to improve the quality of a smoothware item and to make it capable to meet the business requirements to achieve specific goals.

The various stages thead wear come under Software Testing Life Cycle are as follows −

  • Requirements phase
  • Test Planning
  • Test Analysis
  • Test Design Phase
  • Test Implementation
  • Test Execution Phase
  • Test Closure Phase

STLC

Requirement Phase

This is the 1st phase of Software Testing Life Cycle. During this phase, the checker’s job is to analyze the requirements. There are various methods for Requirement Analysis like conducting brainstorming sessions with business people, team membecomers, and consider to find away whether the requirements are checkable or not.

This phase figure outs the scope of the checking. If a checking team finds any kind of kind of features thead wear can’t become checked, then thead wear ought to become communicated to the client.

Test Planning

In this phase, the checker identifies the take actionioniviconnects and resources which would help to meet the checking goals.

Various metrics are degreatd and right now presently there are methods available to figure out and track those metrics. Test planning furthermore includes identifying key performance indicators for checking evaluation.

Test Analysis

This phase figure outs the guideranges thead wear has to become checked. It includes identifying the check conditions uperform the requirements document, any kind of kind of risks involved, and other check criteria.

Various ftake actionionors are used to find away the check conditions −

  • Product Complexity
  • Depth of Testing
  • Risk Involved
  • Sdestroys Required
  • Knowladvantage of checking team membecomers
  • Test management
  • Availpossible of the sconsiderholders

Test conditions ought to become generated in a detaiintroduced way.

Let us consider an example. For a websit downe selling items onrange, a check condition is thead wear a customer ought to become able to make an onrange payment. You can add detaiintroduced conditions like, payment ought to become feasible uperform Credit card, NEFT transfer, debit card or net bancalifornia king.

The advantage of writing the detaiintroduced check condition is thead wear it incrrelieves the scope of checking becomecause check-cases are normally generated on the basis of the check condition. It permit’s to write more detaiintroduced check cases. It furthermore helps in determining the condition of when to end the checking of a smoothware item.

Test Design Phase

This phase figure outs how the checks are performed.

  • Break down the check conditions into multiple sub-conditions to incrrelieve it is coverage.
  • Get the check data.
  • Set up the check environment.
  • Get the requirement tracepossible metrics.
  • Create the check coverage metrics.

Test Implementation Phase

This phase includes the creation of detaiintroduced check-cases as per the check conditions and metrics degreatd.

  • Prioritize the check case.
  • Test-case to become used for Regression.
  • Ensure the rightness of the check-cases.
  • Sign away of the check-cases becomefore the take actionionual execution starts.

Test Execution Phase

This phase of Software Testing Life Cycle involves take actionionual execution of check-cases.

  • Execute the check-cases.
  • Log the defects.
  • Check tracepossible metrics to track progress.

Test Closure

This phase includes checcalifornia king for the comppermition of the check.

  • Check if all the check-cases are executed and open uped defects.
  • Note down the lessons find outt.
  • Close the Testing phase.

Testing Types In SAP

There are various kinds of checking methods available thead wear can become used to perform SAP checking.

Unit Testing

Unit checking is used to check the functionality of a SAP system and it is various components. It is performed by domain and configuration experts who understand the functionality of every unit in a system.

Example

Suppose the task is to generate a sales order and save it. To perform unit checking for this task, the checker ought to understand thead wear the sales order can become saved uperform the SAP body body organization elements like customer master data, partner functions, material master data, company kind of kind of code, credit manage area, sales body body organization, etc.

Example

In ABAP generatement, Unit checking can become performed to check if a reinterface can become generated from generateer-generated data. It requires bumistance from the domain expert.

System Testing

System Testing involves the integration of elements of a SAP system to ensure thead wear related SAP functionality are linked with every other in the generatement environment.

Example

If you say a cash flow for a quotation in an body body organization would show thead wear a quote can become used to generate a sales order, a deresidery can become generated and processed from the order, the deresidery can become bilintroduced, the billing relrelieved to accounting, and a customer payment applied against the accounting invoice.

Each unit is checked like this and then the check results are combined uperform system checking.

Scenario-based Testing

Scenario checking, as the name suggests, is performed as per specific business cases.

Example

Suppose right now presently there are a couple of tasks thead wear are specific to a customer segment or a given item range or a set of services. For these specific range of target, you have various scenarios thead wear you need to check. This checking is furthermore performed in the generatement environment.

Integration Testing

In this checking, checking data comes from a real data extrtake actionionion source. Data is understandn to business end-users.

Integration checking is used to present thead wear the business process, as designed and configured in SAP, operates uperform real-world data. In addition the checking shows thead wear the interface triggers, reinterfaces, workflows are worcalifornia king.

SAP Interface Testing

Interface checking ensures thead wear a business process on a SAP system operates automatically, the take actionionuallyts are triggered, and the results are transferred to the receiver system. Interface checking involves execution on the sending system followed by automatic generation of the interface awayput, and then the receiving system consuming thead wear file and proving thead wear a business process continues on the receiver.

Ideally, interface checking involves huger checking take actionioniviconnects as a project progresses. Interface checking shows thead wear triggering works, the data selection is accurate and comppermite, data transfer is successful, and the receiver is able to consume the sent data.

SAP User Acceptance Testing

SAP UAT is used to ensure thead wear the end-users are able to perform the bumigned job functions with the brand new system. The iminterfaceant aspect of this checking is to understand the business requirement and to ensure thead wear the expected features, functions and capabiliconnects are available.

SAP System Performance Testing

Performance checking checks the following aspects −

  • Whether the system response time is acceptable as per the business requirement
  • Whether periodic processes are operatening wislim permissible time,
  • Whether the expected concurrent user load can become supinterfaceed

Performance checking identifies bottlenecks and coding inefficiencies in the SAP system. It is nothing likely thead wear system performance tuning is perfectly set up and the program is operatening with optimized code.

SAP Load Testing

In Load Testing, the checker applies maximum load on a system, either onrange users or periodic batch procesperform, and identifies whether the system is capable sufficient to handle the load. If not, it finds away the steps needed to improve performance.

SAP Security and Authorizations Testing

Security and Authorizations Testing is used to ensure thead wear users are only able to execute transtake actionionions and access appropriate data thead wear is relevant to their project.

As with the implementation of Security standards, this is really iminterfaceant to check if security and authorization is placed in a system. Test IDs for job roles are generated and used to both confirm extake actionionly extake actionly whead wear a user can do and extake actionionly extake actionly whead wear a user cannot do.

SAP Cutover Testing

Cutover checking is usually performed once in a project lifecycle. Here a comppermite-level execution is done of all the tasks involved to extrtake actionion data from legacy systems. Then, to perform any kind of kind of kind of data conversion, load the results into the SAP system and comppermitey validate the results, including a user sign-away.

SAP Regression Testing

Regression checking is used to find brand new functionaliconnects and to check previous functionaliconnects in a system when it is upgraded or a brand new system is set up. The key role of regression checking is to check the existing functionality and brand newly updated configuration and codebase.

When you upgrade your own SAP system or apply a patch, it ought ton’t affect the functionality thead wear is expected to become performed by the users. In addition, it ought to not affect the brand new features thead wear are meant to become introduced in a brand new relrelieve.

SAP Testing – Process

SAP checking process is usually divided into 3 phases −

  • Test Planning
  • Test System setup
  • Test Execution and evaluation

Test Planning

Test planning includes the steps thead wear are involved in the preliminary phase of checking.

  • Gathering the requirement. Whead wear needs to become checked? Functional requirements to become collected for system and application checking.

  • Test-case generatement for manual and automation checking. In automation checking, various tools can become used for creating check-cases.

  • Reseeing the check-cases.

Test System Setup

Test system setup involves setting up the check environment to operate the check-cases. Here, the checker needs to degreat key metrics for reinterfaceing.

Test Execution and Evaluation

Test execution and evaluation involves executing the check-cases and noting down the awayput. It includes the following take actionioniviconnects −

  • Defect handling and reinterfaceing.
  • Assessment of Test plans as per result.
  • Documentation of all defects and compare the results with key metrics.

SAP Testing – Critical Process

In SAP system checking, you need to identify critical business processes thead wear will become affected by implementing alters in a SAP system. It the majority ofly comes under Regression checking, where you apply a patch or implement a brand new system.

The 1st step becomefore applying these alters is to perform alter imptake actionion analysis. This covers critical processes thead wear will become affected by implementing the alter.

Example

Let us consider an example. Suppose the planned alters are as follows −

Planned alters

  • SAP supinterface pack 7
  • Custom code
  • SAP enhance package

System effected

  • Sales Order
  • Deresidery of goods
  • Payment method

Imptake actionion Analysis for Critical Processes

Here, the following take actionioniviconnects are to become carried away in Imptake actionion Analysis −

  • Identification of the critical business processes imptake actionioned by alter implementation.

  • Business simplyification to become provided as to why this alter has to become implemented.

  • Creating the check plan to monitor critical processes for SAP checking while performing the alter.

  • Evaluation of imptake actionion of alter on critical processes and the purpose to implement the alter.

SAP Testing – Navigation

SAP checking navigation ensures thead wear you cover every module of your own SAP system and perform at minimumern one check for every functionality. It furthermore reduces the manual checking effort and covers the majority of of the checking paths in a SAP system.

OPA checks can become performed to check SAP Testing Navigation. OPA is understandn as Open Source Programming language and it is the majority ofly used for generateing web applications. For compilation of OPA program, you can use Node.js on the server and JavaScript on the client aspect.

Creating a Test uperform OPA

OPA permit’s you to use 3 objects in Qunit. These functions ought to become degreatd in a check so thead wear OPA understands extake actionionly extake actionly whead wear take actionionions to become considern.

  • Given − to pbum arrangements.

  • When − take actionionions to become considern.

  • Then − bumertion.

Example

The following example shows how to use all the 3 objects in Qunit −

jQuery.sap.require("sap.ui.check.Opa");
jQuery.sap.require("sap.ui.check.opaQunit");

opaTest("press a Button", function (Given, When, Then) {
   // Arrangements
   Given.iStartMyApp();
	
   //Actions
   When.iPressOnTheButton();
	
   // Assertions
   Then.theButtonShouldHaveADifferentText();
}

The next step is to degreat the 3 functions.

Defining the Functions

var arrangements = brand new sap.ui.check.Opa ({
   iStartMyApp : function (){
      return this.iStartMyAppInAFrame("../index.html");
   }
}); 

In the above function, we have bumumed thead wear the app operates in a page calintroduced index.html. Our OPA check is located in the check/opa.html folder.

Defining Arrangements

var take actionionions = brand new sap.ui.check.Opa ({

   iPressOnTheButton : function (){
      return this.wait around aroundFor ({
         seeName : "Main", id : "pressMeButton", success : function (oButton) {
            oButton.$().trigger("tap");
         },
         errorMessage : "No Button found"
      });
   }
})

Defining Assertions

var bumertions = brand new sap.ui.check.Opa ({

   theButtonShouldHaveADifferentText : function () {
      return this.wait around aroundFor ({
         seeName : "Main",
         id : "pressMeButton",
			
         match upers : brand new sap.ui.check.match upers.PropertyStrictEquals ({
            name : "text",
            value : "got pressed"
         }),
			
         success : function (oButton) {
            Opa.bumert.ok(true, "The button's text alterd to: " + oButton.getText());
         },
			
         errorMessage : "No alter in Button's text"
      )}
   }
})        

Running the OPA check

sap.ui.check.Opa.extendConfig ({
   arrangements : arrangements,
   take actionionions : take actionionions,
   bumertions : bumertions,
   seeNamespace : "see."
});

SAP Testing – Screen Flow

Screen flow logic in SAP Testing is like an ABAP code and it is used to contain the procesperform blocks. It contains the procedural part of the screen. It is generated in screen painter and this screen painter is similar to an ABAP editor.

Screen flow logic involves no external data declaration and every procesperform block is degreatd with a prefix ‘PROCESS’. For example,

  • PROCESS AFTER INPUT
  • PROCESS BEFORE OUTPUT
  • PROCESS ON HELP-REQUEST
  • PROCESS ON VALUE-REQUEST

Each screen flow logic ought to contain PROCESS AFTER INPUT and PROCESS BEFORE OUTPUT keywords.

In an take actionionuallyt block, you can use keywords like MODULE, FIELD, ON, VALUES, CALL, etc.

S.No. Screen Flow Logic Keyword & Description
1

MODULE

Calls a dialog module in an ABAP program

2

FIELD

Specifies the point at which the contents of a screen field ought to become transinterfaceed

3

ON

Used in conjuction with FIELD

4

VALUES

Used in conjunction with FIELD

5

CHAIN

Starts a procesperform chain.

6

ENDCHAIN

Ends a procesperform chain.

7

CALL

Calls a subscreen.

8

LOOP

Starts procesperform a screen table.

9

ENDLOOP

Ends procesperform a screen table.

Creating Screen Flow

In the Reposit downory blineser, double-click on the name of a screen and it will display the flow logic of the screen.

The Flow Logic Editor of the Screen Painter will open up and you edit the screen flow logic. You can use any kind of kind of of the available ABAP source code editors to degreat the flow logic.

You can use the following keywords to generate the screen flow logic −

S.No. keywords & Description
1

CALL

Calls a subscreen.

2

CHAIN

Starts a procesperform chain.

3

ENDCHAIN

Ends a procesperform chain.

4

ENDLOOP

Ends loop procesperform.

5

FIELD

Refers to a field. Can become combined with the keywords MODULE and SELECT.

6

LOOP

Starts loop procesperform.

7

MODIFY

Modifies a table.

8

MODULE

Identifies a procesperform module.

9

ON

Used with FIELD bumignments.

10

PROCESS

Degreats a procesperform take actionionuallyt.

11

SELECT

Checks an enconsider in a table.

Testing Screens

Testing screens are used to check the appearance of a screen as it will appear at operatetime. If you have already programmed the flow logic, you can select whether to simulate the screen with or withaway it.

To perform Screen check, follow the steps given becomelow −

  • Select Screen → Test.
  • The system will display a dialog package for the operatetime simulation.
  • You can alter the window coordinates, if it is required.
  • Next, degreat the scope of simulation.
  • To include the flow logic, click 'select comppermite flow logic'.
  • Click Continue and the screen simulation will appear.

SAP Testing – Modules

There are various SAP modules implemented in an body body organization thead wear can become checked uperform various checking tools like HP Quick Test Professional (QTP), IBM Rational Functional Tester (RFT), and SAP Test Acceleration and Optimization (TAO) tool.

Common SAP Modules

The common SAP modules are listed becomelow −

  • Financial Modules − Finance Accounting and Controlling (FICO), Treasure (TR), and Enterprise Control (EC).

  • Logistics Modules − Material Management (MM), Plant Maintenance (PM), Sales and Distribution (SD), Quality Management (QM), etc.

  • Human Resource Management − Accounting Payroll, Time Management, Training and Event Management.

All these modules are inter-dependent and the functionality of one module affects the functionality of other modules.

Example

Suppose you have to generate a Sales Order in Sales and Distribution (SD) module. Here, you 1st need to enter the transtake actionionion code(e.g., Transtake actionionion Code VA01). Next, check the stock of the item in Inventory module and check the credit limit available on Customer profile in Customer Relationship Module. It shows thead wear all these modules are interdependent; if you customise any kind of kind of of these modules, it will affect the related ERP system.

To perform SAP checking, you need to understand the features, functionaliconnects, and how the workflow considers place in these SAP modules. Most of the common reasons of failure of ERP implementation project is withinright check planning and the use of inappropriate check-cases.

Non SAP ERP systems like PeopleSoft, Edwards, Oracle E business suite have various customers and capabiliconnects. The checking team needs to understand the functionality of comppermite system.

Types of Testing Team

There are normally two kinds of checkers available in SAP projects −

  • Core Testers − who are responsible to perform easy checking of ERP system and modules.

  • Implementation Testers − who work on implementation project and cover the customization functionaliconnects of SAP modules.

Customization requests from clients can imptake actionion the modules of a SAP system. The checking team ought to become able to record every customization request and it is imptake actionion on the other SAP modules.

ERP systems are huge systems and right now presently therefore the checking process ought to ideally become automated. It is always advisable to perform automated checking for ERP systems, as manual checking is an extremely time-consuming and sizey process. Withaway checking every component of the SAP system, it is really challenging to achieve 100% quality and successful implementation of SAP project.

Performing SAP checking for the above example uperform QTP

To perform SAP checking for the above example, follow the steps given becomelow −

  • The 1st step is to install HP QTP tool and to install essential plug-ins wislim QTP to make it compatible to connect to ERP system.

  • The next step is to use HP Quality Center (QC) to generate the check plan and then to convert check plan design to Test Scripts. These check plans can become converted to scripts uperform HP QTP.

  • Next, record the R/3 GUI screen of SAP system for SD module while creating Sales Order or creating PR in MM.

  • After you are done with the recording in QTP tool, generate a script in VB.

SAPGuiSession("Session").SAPGuiWindow("SAP Easy Access - User")
   .SAPGuiOKCode("OKCode").Set "/nVA01"

SAPGuiSession("Session").SAPGuiWindow("SAP Easy Access - User"). SendKey ENTER

You can furthermore add various parameters and customizations as per your own requirement.

SAP Testing – Interfaces

An Interface in an ERP system is understandn as a tool thead wear is responsible to get data from one system and move thead wear data to one more system. For example, bumume you have a program thead wear produces a reinterface in XML format and then this program reads the XML file to provide input to one more system. You can furthermore manipulate while pbuming the information from one system to other.

Example

Conaspectr a vendor tool thead wear considers care of employee attendance. Now, the system interface will consider this withinformation and populate it in the SAP HR system.

Interface checking ensures thead wear this job is operatening successcomppermitey to ensure thead wear the data is transferred comppermitely and right now presently there is no error while transferring the data to the SAP HR system.

Points to become conaspectred while performing SAP Interface Testing

SAP Interface checking is purely dependent on the operations and body body organizational processes. While performing SAP Interface Testing, you need to conaspectr the following key points −

  • Whead wear is the purpose of uperform SAP Interface and extake actionionly extake actionly whead wear business scenarios are processed by the interface?

  • Check if the Interface is procesperform all business scenarios accurately as per the check strategy.

  • To perform Interface checking, the becomest prtake actionionice is to start with performing Unit checking.

  • You have to check if the awaybound interface is alright, which means thead wear it ensures to perform file meeting specifications in terms of layaway, etc.

  • You have to check if the inbound interface is okay. Check if it is reading the file rightly and if it is performing the right steps in the target system.

SAP Testing – Cases

SAP check-cases are required to perform a check on the installation and configuration of the SAP system, any kind of kind of brand new implementation, multi-language and device checking, intranet checking, real-time checking, etc.

An ERP system is a common centralized system and is used by multiple users simultaneously in real time. Hence it generates a need to write the check-cases with lot of effort and dedication.

An ERP system furthermore involves various FI transtake actionionions, so every check-case ought to cover the scope of all the configuration and implementation part. Test data ought to become pbumed carecomppermitey and every check ought to have a column with name awayput data.

Example

Test Case ID − XYZ_ERP_SD_A20301

Module − SAP Sales & Distribution SD

Let us check the transtake actionionion VA01 to generate a sales order in the Sales and Distribution (SD) system.

Transtake actionionion VA01

Fields to become entered while creating an Order −

  • Order Date
  • Order Type
  • Expiry Date
  • Customer ID
  • Shipping Id, Shipping Details, etc

Initial Screen

Once you enter the details, press Enter and add all the details in the Sales Order.

Oversee

To generate a SAP check-case, you can pbum input data (right and Inright and see the awaycome) −

Correct Input Data

  • Order Date 01/01/2016, Order Type Sales Order
  • Expiry Date 15/01/2016, Shipping Date 10/01/2016,
  • Select Payment Due Date 10/01/2015, Item Qty 10, etc.

Inright Input Data

  • Order Date 01/01/2017, Order Type Sales Order
  • Expiry Date 15/01/2017, Shipping Date 10/01/2017,
  • Select Payment Due Date 10/01/2017, Item Qty 0, etc.

Output Data – With Correct Data

  • Order is successcomppermitey saved in SAP module and invoiced.
  • Next is Paccalifornia king slip numbecomer.
  • Next is Shipping Order numbecomer, etc.

Output Data – With inright Data

  • Error message for inright data input. Text message for inright input data ought to become degreatd in the system.

Expected Output

  • Sales Order#
  • Sales Invoice#
  • Paccalifornia king List#, etc.

SAP Testing – TAO

SAP Testing TAO (Test Acceleration and Optimization) is a tool used to perform automated checking of SAP systems. SAP TAO helps customers to fasten the process of creating automated check cases for SAP systems. Automation checking uperform TAO is performed by creating check components for various transtake actionionions in SAP modules.

Test components uperform TAO are uploaded to HP Quality Center. Test components generated like this are normally for the performle transtake actionionions and can become later used to generate check scenarios. This tool can become easily integrated with SAP Solution Manager to maintain the various check components.

In short, you can say thead wear SAP TAO enables SAP clients in automating the business needs by automatically creating draft check-cases and check components.

Key Features of TAO

SAP TAO enables customers to breakdown a performle smoothware into multiple parts which can become integrated to check cases uperform a easy interface by dragging and fallping every part.

  • TAO supinterfaces flexible reuse of check cases and data.
  • If right now presently there is any kind of kind of functional alter in the system, it is easy to maintain check-cases becomecause of this alter.

The common versions of SAP TAO are TAO 2.0 and TAO 3.0.

SAP TAO Integration with other Tools

One of the key features of SAP TAO is thead wear it can become easily integrated with various tools to generate automated check-cases. Some common tools which can become integrated with TAO are −

  • SAP Solution Manager (Solman).
  • HP Quality Center QC.
  • HP Quality Test Professional QTP.

SAP TAO 2.0

SAP TAO 2.0 is a tool thead wear is used to generate automatic check-cases during Regression checking of a system. It helps SAP customers to generate various check components from the screens of a transtake actionionion and parameterize all of them.

These check components are generated normally for one transtake actionionion code and later they can become combined to check scenarios. It can become easily integrated with the Business Process Change Analyzer in SAP Solution Manager.

SAP TAO 2.0 comes with various Service pack SP 02, SP 04, and SP 06.

SAP TAO performs the following tasks in SAP Testing Lifecycle −

  • Test Cases creation
  • Regeneration of affected components
  • Test Cases Constrongation
  • Test Execution

SAP TAO Process Architecture

The following illustration shows the process architecture of SAP TAO.

SAP TAO

The steps are as follows −

  • The 1st step is to get the requirements for SAP Testing. This withincludes understanding the functionality of SAP modules and identifying the requirement for checking to become performed.

  • Next, get the information from the requirement analysis to generate the Test components.

  • The next step is to generate check-cases and components uperform SAP TAO tool.

  • The last step is to document the check results and update the analysis with check results.

Prerequisit downes for Installing SAP TAO

Downloaded SAP Solution Manager Solman compatibility Matrix, Quality Center, and SAP TAO from this link − /index.php?s=httpservicesapcom

Go to Test Management and Additional Information > Test Management. It will show all the compatible components supinterfaceed by SAP TAO.

Check the prerequisit downes for components on SAP systems in your own system landscape −

  • Version of SAP Solution Manager SOLMAN, after checcalifornia king the compatibility matrix as above.

  • Version of ST-PI on all systems under check.

  • Version of ST-A/PI on systems under check of kind CRM.

For SAP Solution Manager Configuration work centre, ensure thead wear the systems on which checking has to become done are connected to SOLMAN.

SAP TAO client installation requires the following configuration on local system −

  • RAM − 4 GB.
  • Free disk space − 500 MB.
  • LAN interconnection to SAP Quality Center QC server and SOLMAN.
  • Administration Rights.
  • SAPGUI with the lacheck patch level.
  • Microsmooth Excel 97 or higher.
  • Microsmooth Internet Explorer for CRM UI supinterface.

SAP Testing – TAO Folder Structure

There are various modules inaspect the SAP TAO tool. We have speak abouted the key components in this chapter.

Process Flow Analyzer

The 1st component is Process Flow Analyzer which is used to automatically find away the user interfaces used in transtake actionionion codes executed in the SAP system. It automatically generates the check components and uploads all of them to Quality Center.

Process Flow Analyzer is furthermore used to identify the sequence of check components as per user take actionionions and creation of spreadsheet values.

Process Flow Analyzer

Inspect

You have to add Transtake actionionion codes to the list. SAP TAO will return all the screens bumociated with a particular transtake actionionion. You can select any kind of kind of screen and click on Inspect option.

Constrongate

It permit’s you to collect multiple check components into one check. You need to find the check in Quality Center from QC tree and click on Constrongate.

Constrongate

Select the Transtake actionionion code you like to constrongate and click Add to Constrongate list at the base part to generate a check scenario.

Iminterface and Exinterface

Iminterface and Exinterface options are used to exinterface to Quality Center and iminterface from Quality Center. You need to select the components to become iminterfaceed and exinterfaceed and click on the required button.

Change Analyzer

Change Analyzer is used to track the alters and imptake actionion on the SAP system. When you make any kind of kind of alter to a SAP system, it identifies the affected business processes.

To use Change Analyzer, select the specific project and click the alter imptake actionion analysis option. It will permit you to resee and repair the imptake actionioned components in the SAP system becomecause of this alter.

Change Analyzer

Reposit downory

Reposit downory is used to contain information abaway all the check components and flow in a project. To resee information abaway any kind of kind of check component and to check the process flow, you can click Component Explorer or PFA Explorer.

Reposit downory

SAP Testing – Configure Quality Center

Configuration of SAP Quality Center can become done in two ways −

  • HP Server Attributes
  • HP Project

HP Server Attributes

Step 1 − In SAP TAO, click SAP Quality Center. You ought to have SAP Quality Center URL in the interconnection panel of SAP TAO. Next, enter the URL in the web blineser.

Step 2 − Enter the following values in SAP Quality Center by HP Site Administration and click apply to entire.

DISABLE_EXTENDED_STORAGE = N 
BACKWARD_SUPPORT_ALL_DOMAINS_PROJECTS = Y

Step 3 − For a brand new project, perform the following steps −

  • Create brand new domain and project in SAP QC.
  • Create brand new user to bumign thead wear project to brand new user.
  • Allocate Project Administrator role to brand newly generated user.

Step 4 − Log away from SAP Quality Center by HP Site Administration.

HP Project

In SAP TAO, click SAP Quality Center. You ought to have SAP Quality Center URL in interconnection panel of SAP TAO.

  • Step 1 − Enter the URL in your own web blineser.

  • Step 2 − The next step is to login to domain/project.

  • Step 3 − Navigate to the Test Plan.

  • Step 4 − Under Subject folder, generate a folder with the name BPT Resources → generate a folder library.

  • Step 5 − SAP TAO notes information abaway check Constrongation into a user field of the check enticonnects in QC and by default it is TS_USER_01. Note thead wear this is right when connected to SOLMAN for all the checks generated by SAP TAO.

  • Step 6 − SAP QC users ought ton’t use the similar user field for other purposes in their Quality Center projects.

Creating Application Area in QTP

Application area is required by SAP TAO components to contain HP QTP and web add-ons. To generate an application area in QTP, you need to perform the following steps −

  • Run QTP by HP as Administrator. It varies as per the operating system.

  • You can select Web addins and SAP.

  • Next, connect automatically or manually to Quality Center project. This step is automatic if it is configured.

  • Next, generate an application area with the name_SAP_Doc. The name of application area is entered when the Save button is clicked.

Process Flow Analyzer (PFA)

Process Flow Analyzer is used to automatically find away the user interfaces used in transtake actionionions codes executed in SAP system. It automatically generates the check components and upload all of them to Quality Center.

It is furthermore used to identify sequence of check components as per user take actionionions and creation of spreadsheet values.

Process Flow Analyzer

Click Add Transtake actionionion button → Enter the Transtake actionionion-code and click OK.

Add Transtake actionionion button

The next step is to click the Start button.

Click Start

TAO will launch SAP and will log the Transtake actionionion entered by you. Once the transtake actionionion process is comppermited, click the Stop button.

Click Stop

TAO will return all the screens thead wear are used to generate the process flow. Next, upload the analysis to QC. This can become done by cliccalifornia king the Upload button.

Click Upload

Iminterface/Exinterface

Iminterface and Exinterface options are used to exinterface to Quality Center and iminterface from Quality Center. You need to select the components to become iminterfaceed and exinterfaceed and click the required button.

Click iminterface or exinterface

First, identify the components to become iminterfaceed or exinterfaceed. Click Exinterface to SAP QC or Iminterface from SAP QC to iminterface/exinterface the required components.

Change Analyzer

Change Analyzer is used to track the alters and imptake actionion on the SAP system. When you make any kind of kind of alter to a SAP system, it identifies the affected business processes.

To use Change Analyzer, select the specific project and click the alter imptake actionion analysis option. It will permit you to resee and repair the imptake actionioned components in the SAP system.

Change Analyzer

Inspect

You have to add Transtake actionionion codes to the list. SAP TAO will return all the screens bumociated with a particular transtake actionionion. You can select any kind of kind of screen and click the Inspect option.

Inspect

SAP Testing – TAO Results Analysis

To analyze the results of SAP TAO, perform the following steps −

Step 1 − Go to the Tests list and in the tree, click the check for the analysis. It will consider you to list of reinterfaces and the status of operatening checks will become displayed.

click check

Step 2 − Analyze a check, click the View Reinterface option. It will open up a brand new window with a detaiintroduced reinterface.

click View Reinterface

There is an option to adsimply the columns to become displayed by cliccalifornia king the mouse icon. You can furthermore see the HTML format of the check reinterface by cliccalifornia king the HTML Reinterface. To investigate the check results further, you can go to the log folder from the HTML reinterface.

Adsimply the columns

TAO Build & Execute Test Script

Test generateing is done in SAP Quality Center uperform SAP TAO. You need to constrongate check components to generate check scenarios. You can execute a performle or multiple checks in SAP TAO uperform Technical Bill of Material TBOM.

Single Test Execution

Technical Bill of Material (TBOM) is used to contain the objects in an executable form. Change Analyzer makes use of this to tell if an executable object is affected when a alter is performed.

In case you like to use the Business Process Change Analyzer, you need to generate a TBOM for every executable object in check scenarios and processes.

Note − If you need to operate a performle check and you have to update TBOM, click Execute and update TBOM.

You can check the details of update on the TBOM page. You can modify the operate list thead wear is generated in SAP TAO.

Multiple Tests Execution

In Business Process Change Analyzer, to execute multiple checks, you can select a folder and add it to the operate list. You can furthermore select TBOM creation at the time of execution.

Note − If TBOM already exists at time of execution, it will only update the existing TBOM.

SAP Testing – TAO Constrongate

Constrongate is understandn as a process to combine SAP TAO components with inbuilt components to generate check scenarios as performle transtake actionionional business components. It permit’s you to collect multiple check components into one check.

It happens when transtake actionionional components are garight now presently thered. The following screenshot shows the transtake actionionion components in QC.

You need to find the check in Quality Center from QC tree and click the Constrongate option.

click Constrongate.

Select the Transtake actionionion code you like to constrongate and click Add to Constrongate list at the base part to generate a check scenario.

As covered in the previous chapters, you need to follow the steps given becomelow −

  • Step 1 − Find away the transtake actionionion you like to constrongate in QC.

  • Step 2 − Add the transtake actionionions to constrongate list.

  • Step 3 − Press the constrongate button.

SAP Testing – TAO UI Scanner

UI scanner is used to generate brand new screen components with existing components. It is a plugin for QTP tool. You ought to consider to use inspect tab over UI scanner. The standard UI scanner works only with GUI front aspect-end client. You can furthermore use third-party UI scanner for capturing the screen components.

If you have to use UI scanner, you need to take actionionivate it in the Inspection tab of SAP TAO tool. UI scanner is used to get the information from one screen in one go and transfer these screen objects to QC as a screen component.

UI scanner permit’s you to generate components from SAP GUI screen which are not supinterfaceed by Process Flow Analyzer or Inspection tab.

How to use UI Scanner with SAP TAO?

When you login to SAP TAO, click the Inspect tab. It will show an option to use UI Scanner.

click Inspect

Login to the SAP system. Enter the transtake actionionion code and go to the screen to become scanned and log away.

Enter transtake actionionion code

You can use the default UI Scanner option with QTP tool, by going to UI Scanning tab under Inspect option in SAP TAO. Otherwise, you can use custom QTP check with UI Scanner process by going to UI Scanner and selecting external option.

SAP Testing – Automation Tools

In Automation checking, the checkers write the scripts and use other smoothware tools to check the item. This process involves automation of a manual process. In comparison, manual checking is time-consuming and requires a team of encounter check professionals, subject matter experts, and effective communication becometween the team membecomers.

Automation Testing includes re-operatening the check-cases multiple times thead wear were performed manually.

In addition to Regression checking, you can say thead wear Automation checking is furthermore used to check the application from load, performance, and stress purpose. It is used to incrrelieve the coverage of check, improves accuracy, and saves time and cash in comparison to manual checking.

Software Testing Tools

The following tools can become used for Automation checking −

  • HP Quick Test Professional (QTP)
  • Selenium
  • SAP TAO
  • ECATT
  • IBM Rational Functional Tester
  • SilkTest
  • TestComppermite
  • Testing Anywhere
  • WinRunner
  • LaodRunner
  • Visual Studio Test Professional
  • WATIR

SAP Testing – Solution Manager

To perform SAP Automation checking, right now presently there is a need to set up a communication becometween SAP TAO, SAP Solution Manager, and the system to become checked.

To set up this configuration, you need an administration authorization on SAP SOLMAN. This is required to access and modify data table content.

T-Code: SE16

You need to display the table name: AGS_TAO_SETTING and alter the value for AGS_TAO_ENABLE_SM_SETUP to ON.

Next, check the compatibility matrix for SAP TAO and Solution Manager. SAP TAO 3.0 contains a Process Flow Analyzer recording wizard which can become used to relieve the check recording.

Note − SAP TAO 3.0 is a component for Solution Manager 7.1 and does not supinterface Solution Manager 7.0. Open SAP Solution Manager Configuration work centre and operate Transtake actionionion code − SOLMAN_SETUP.

Open SAP Logon and add the system to become checked under logon.

Open SAP Logon

How to Connect SAP SOLMAN to TAO?

Go to SAP TAO and login and select SAP SOLMAN in the list. This list of system in SAP TAO is fetched from the configuration file of SAP logon. To add a system in SAP TAO, you need to add a brand new system in SAP Logon and refresh the list in TAO.

Solution Manager

Enter the login credentials and click on logon. SAP TAO will become connected to SAP Solution Manager and TAO configuration wizard will open up up.

SAP Testing – HP Business Process

Business Process Testing (BPT) is a part of QTP automation framework and is used with the Quality Center by HP. BPT is used to generate automation check scenarios and operate those scenarios withaway any kind of kind of prior understandladvantage of automation.

HP BPT removes the complexity of check-case creation and maintenance and combines all the documentation and check automation in one effort.

Business Process Testing aligns the checking process with business goals and reduces the checking lifecycle time conaspectrably.

How to Use HP Business Process Testing Tool?

Business Process Testing tool uses reusable components for creating check-cases and hence reduces the checking maintenance time and incrrelieves the efficiency of checking process.

To fasten the process of check automation, it uses the method of keyword driven. You can add common becomest prtake actionionices to the checking process. It permit’s you to use a check solution which is not based on check scripts. Once a manual check is generated in BPT, you can easily automate the check-case.

HP Business Testing Tool

You can furthermore maintain various versions and baserange for various check components, process flows withaway any kind of kind of chance of overwriting the old cases.

Test cases thead wear are generated uperform Business Process Testing tool can become executed uperform HP Quality Center QC.

Benefit is of Uperform HP Business Process Testing

Uperform BPT, a non-specialised SME can easily generate, maintain, and operate the check-cases and can document all of them in a Web-based system.

  • It permit’s you to design and generate the reusable components in check-cases and use all of them as per the business requirements.

  • You can furthermore operate checking scripts uperform HP Sprinter.

  • With the availpossible of framework to use reusable components, it decrrelieves the effort for maintaining the check-cases.

HP Quality Center (ALM)

HP Quality Center, a check management tool, is now popularly understandn as Application Life Cycle Management (ALM) tool, as it is no lengthyer simply a check management tool but it supinterfaces various phases of the smoothware generatement life cycle.

HP-ALM helps us to manage project milerocks, deresiderables, resources and keeping track of project health, standards thead wear permit Product owners to gauge the current status of the item. It is iminterfaceant to understand background, architecture, and Quality Center Workflow.

The Requirements module enables users to degreat, manage and track requirements at all stages of the smoothware lifecycle. The following are the key functionaliconnects in requirements module.

S.No. Functionality & Description
1 Creating Requirements

Create requirements, bumign to relrelieves/cycles.

2 Uploading Requirement

Uploading requirements uperform ALM-MS Excel Add-ins

3 Requirement Tracepossible

Enables how to degreat tracepossible links becometween requirements and dependencies thead wear exist becometween the requirements.

4 Tracepossible Matrix

Enables user to see the tracepossible matrix thead wear lists source requirements and their bumociated requirements and checks.

Test Plan

The crucial step in checking any kind of kind of application is to generate a clear and a precise check plan. A good check plan enables the team to bumess the quality of the application under check at any kind of kind of point in the smoothware generatement life cycle.

Following functionaliconnects are very iminterfaceant in order to understand the check plan module becometter.

S.No. Functionality & Description
1

Creating Tests

This module describecomes how to generate folders of check subjects in the check plan tree and furthermore to add checks.

2

Uploading Tests

Uploading Teats uperform ALM-MS Excel Addins

3

Requirement and Test Coverage

Enable how to degreat the relationship becometween the requirements and checks.

4

Test Configuration

Specific the subset of data or a operate-time environment thead wear the check ought to use.

More details on how HP QC, plrelieve go to − http://www.tutorialspoint.com/index.php?s=httpwwwtutorialspointcomqcindexhtm

SAP Testing – QTP

HP Quick Test Professional (QTP) is an automated functional checking tool thead wear helps checkers to perform automated regression checking in order to identify any kind of kind of gaps, errors/defects in contrary to the take actionionual/desired results of the application under check.

Object Reposit downory

Object Reposit downory is a collection of objects and properconnects with which QTP will become able to recognise the objects and take actionion on it. When a user records a check, the objects and it is properconnects are captured by default. Withaway understanding the objects and it is properconnects, QTP will NOT become able to play back the scripts.

Actions

Actions help checkers to divide scripts into groups of QTP statements calintroduced take actionionions. Actions are similar to functions in VBScript, however right now presently there are a couple of differences. By default, QTP generates a check with 1 take actionionion.

Actions Functions
Actions are ingenerate feature of QTP. VBScript Functions are supinterfaceed by both VBScript and QTP.
Actions parameters are pbumed byvalue only. Function parameters are pbumed either byvalue or byref.
Actions have extension .mts Functions are saved as .vbs or .qfl
Actions may or may not become reusable. Functions are always reusable.

The properconnects of the take actionionion can become accessed by right-cliccalifornia king the Script Editor Window and selecting "Properconnects".

Actions

Action properconnects contain following information −

  • Action Name
  • Location
  • Reusable Flag
  • Input Parameters
  • Output Parameters

Types of Actions

There are 3 kinds of take actionionions −

  • Non-reusable take actionionion − An take actionionion thead wear can become calintroduced only in thead wear specific check in which it has becomeen designed and can become calintroduced only once.

  • Reusable take actionionion − An take actionionion thead wear can become calintroduced multiple times any kind of kind of check in which it reaspects and can furthermore become used by any kind of kind of other checks

  • External Reusable take actionionion − It is a reusable take actionionion stored in one more check. External take actionionions are read-only in the calling check, but it can become used locally with the editable copy of the Data Table information for the external take actionionion.

For more information, plrelieve use the following link − http://www.tutorialspoint.com/qtp/index.htm

SAP Testing – Case Study

Most of the companies thead wear implement SAP need to perform checking. As the scope of checking is too huge, an automated approach can become followed to maintain the alters in SAP system.

Various companies have designed their internal solutions to meet client requirements to perform SAP Testing. Clients can become from bancalifornia king, finance, manuftake actionionuring or healthcare domain.

Example

Given becomelow is an example of performing SAP checking for a manuftake actionionuring company kind of kind of.

Client Requirement − The client is a UK based manuftake actionionuring company kind of kind of. Project requirement was to perform SAP checking uperform QTP and to perform automation and functional checking key operations in field of Human Resource, Supply Chain, Logistics, Material Management and Plant maintenance and to use automated check cases for SAP upgrade and to perform integration and Regression checking.

Tasks Performed − It started with understanding of key business processes and SAP system tasks to become automated. Testing team referenced an old pilot project to finalize check strategy, time and effort required to operate check execution in HP QTP tool.

As Part of project implementation 100 business processes were successcomppermitey automated. Implemented solution resulted in faster execution, more accuracy, incrrelieved scope and quality of service.

Tools Used − The following tools were used: SAP R/3, HP QTP, Test scripts generated in VB, and Data in XML and XLS format.

Key Benefit is Achieved − The following becomenefit is were achieved −

  • System Validation
  • Quality and Rtake actionionuallyue
  • Cost and Predictpossible
  • Compliance Management
  • New Implementation and Configuration Changes

SAP Testing – Intersee Questions

Whead wear do you understand by SAP Testing?

SAP Testing is abaway checking the functionality of various SAP modules to ensure thead wear they are performing as per the configuration. SAP system undergoes various alters like patch management and fixes, brand new module implementations and various other configuration alters. All these raise a need for Regression checking to become performed in SAP environments. SAP checking automation tools like SAP TAO can become used for this purpose and is recommended by SAP for checking.

Exregular the key becomenefit is of performing SAP Testing.

The becomenefit is of performing SAP Testing are manifold. They are as follows −

  • System Validation − SAP Testing involves comppermite end to end checking and validation of all SAP modules in SAP ERP environment.

  • Quality and Rtake actionionuallyue − SAP Testing is an awayput based checking and nothing like conventional checking methods which are input based and it ensures the quality of SAP system and furthermore focuses on rtake actionionuallyue and cost of the body body organization.

  • Cost and Predictpossible − SAP Testing involves reducing the SAP generatement costs and improve predictpossible.

  • Compliance Requirement − SAP Testing ensures thead wear SAP implementation is meeting the brand new compliance requirements in a specific body body organization and all modules are worcalifornia king as per expected configuration.

  • New Implementation and Configuration Changes − There are various kind of alters implemented in SAP system, like patches and fixes, brand new implementation, configurational alters. SAP checking ensures thead wear all the modules are performing as per requirement in this dynamic system environment.

  • Integration − SAP checking is performed to check various reinterfaces, data flows and work flows, GUI forms, etc. It is used to check system integration becometween various modules. For example, if an order posting is done which requires an take actionionion in Sales and Distribution, MM and FICO so SAP checking check the integration becometween these systems.

  • Performance − It is furthermore used to ensure if system will become able to meet the Service Level concurments, time considern by system to perform specific take actionionions, performance of the system, etc.

Name a couple of modules on which SAP checking can become performed.

SAP checking can become performed on the following modules −

  • SAP Material Management
  • SAP Financial Accounting and Controlling
  • SAP Sales and Distribution
  • SAP Human Resource
  • SAP Supply Chain Management
  • SAP Plant Management
Name a couple of Automation checking tools.

Some of the automating checking tools are − HP Quick Test Professional (QTP), Selenium, SAP TAO, ECATT, IBM Rational Functional Tester, WinRunner, and LoadRunner.

Whead wear are the various stages involved in Software Testing life cycle?

The various stages thead wear come under Software Testing Life Cycle are − Requirements phase, Test Planning, Test Analysis, Test Design Phase, Test Implementation, Test Execution Phase, and Test Closure Phase.

Whead wear is the use of Unit checking in SAP? Exregular with an example.

Unit checking is used to check the functionality of various components in a SAP system. It is performed by domain and configuration experts who understand the functionality of every unit in a system.

Example − To generate a sales order and to save it. To perform Unit checking for this task, checker ought to understand thead wear the sales order can become saved uperform the SAP body body organization elements like customer master data, partner functions, material master data, company kind of kind of code, credit manage area, sales body body organization, etc.

Exregular unit checking with an example.

Unit checking is used to check functionality of pieces in SAP system. It is performed by domain and configuration expert who understands functionality of every unit in a system.

Example − To generate a sales order and to save it. To perform Unit checking for this task, checker ought to understand thead wear the sales order can become saved uperform the SAP body body organization elements like customer master data, partner functions, material master data, company kind of kind of code, credit manage area, sales body body organization, etc.

Exregular System Testing with an example.

System Testing involves integration of elements of SAP system to ensure thead wear related SAP functionality are linked with every other in the generatement environment.

Example − If you say a Cash flow for a quotation in an body body organization would show thead wear a quote can become used to generate a sales order, a deresidery can become generated and processed from the order, the deresidery can become bilintroduced, the billing relrelieved to accounting, and a customer payment applied against the accounting invoice. Each unit is checked like this and then the check results are combined.

Exregular Scenario-based Testing with an example.

Scenario-based checking, as the name suggests, is performed as per specific business cases.

Example − Suppose right now presently there are a couple of tasks thead wear are specific to a customer segment or a given item range or a set of services. For these specific range of target, you have various scenarios you need to check.

This checking is furthermore performed in the generatement environment, an argument can become made to say this is a check case you would cover in system checking.

Exregular Integration Testing with an example.

In this checking, checking data is coming from a real data extrtake actionionion source, conversion is done and load exercise and data is understandn to a business end user.

Example − Integration checking is used to present thead wear the business process as designed and configured in SAP, operates uperform real world data. In addition the checking shows thead wear interface triggers, reinterfaces, workflows are worcalifornia king.

Exregular SAP Interface Testing.

Interface checking ensures thead wear a business process on a SAP system operates automatically. Ideally interface checking involves huger checking take actionioniviconnects as a project progresses. Interface checking shows thead wear triggering works, the data selection is accurate and comppermite, data transfer is successful, and the receiver is able to consume the sent data.

Where is SAP User Acceptance Testing helpful?

SAP UAT is used to ensure thead wear end-users are able to perform bumigned job functions with the brand new system. The iminterfaceant aspect of this checking is to understand the business requirement and to ensure thead wear the expected features, functions, and capabiliconnects are available.

Why is Performance Testing essential?

Performance checking identifies bottlenecks and coding inefficiencies in a SAP system. It is carried away to check −

  • Whether the system response time is acceptable as per the business requirement
  • Whether periodic processes are operatening wislim permissible time
  • Whether the expected concurrent user load can become supinterfaceed
Whead wear is the iminterfaceance of SAP Security and Authorizations Testing?

Security and Authorizations Testing is used to ensure thead wear the users are only able to execute transtake actionionions and access appropriate data thead wear is relevant to their project.

As with the implementation of Security standards, this is really iminterfaceant to check if security and authorization is placed in a system. Test IDs for job roles are generated and used to both confirm extake actionionly extake actionly whead wear a user can do and extake actionionly extake actionly whead wear a user cannot do.

Exregular the use of SAP Cutover Testing.

This checking is usually performed once in a project lifecycle. The term “cutover” means a comppermite level execution of the all tasks involved to extrtake actionion data from legacy systems and then to perform any kind of kind of kind of data conversion, load the results into the SAP system and comppermitey validate the results, including a user sign-away.

Whead wear is SAP Regression Testing?

SAP Regression Testing is used to find brand new functionaliconnects and to check the old functionaliconnects in a system when it is upgraded or a brand new system is set up. The key role of regression checking is to check the existing functionality and brand newly updated configuration and code base.

When you upgrade your own SAP system or apply a patch, it ought ton’t affect the functionality thead wear is expected to become performed by users and to check brand new features thead wear are meant to become introduced in brand new relrelieve.

Whead wear is the purpose of uperform Navigation in SAP Testing?

SAP checking navigation ensures thead wear you cover every module of your own SAP system and at minimumern one check to become performed for every functionality.

It furthermore reduces the manual checking effort and covers the majority of of the checking paths in a SAP system. OPA checks can become performed to check SAP Testing – Navigation.

Whead wear is Screen flow logic in SAP Testing?

Screen flow logic in SAP Testing is like an ABAP code and it is used to contain the procesperform blocks. It contains procedural part of screen and is generated in screen painter and this screen painter is similar to an ABAP editor.

Whead wear are the various modules in a SAP system and their use?

Financial Modules − Finance Accounting and Controlling (FICO), Treasure (TR), and Enterprise Control (EC).

Logistics Modules − Material Management (MM), Plant Maintenance (PM), Sales and Distribution (SD), Quality Management (QM), etc.

Human Resource Management − Accounting Payroll, Time Management, Training and Event Management.

Whead wear is a check-case? Whead wear would become the scope of check-cases in a SAP system?

SAP Test-cases are required to perform a check on the installation and configuration of SAP system, any kind of kind of brand new implementation, Multilanguage and device checking, intranet checking, real-time checking, etc.

Since an ERP system is a common centralized system and is used by multiple users simultaneously in real time, it generates a need to write the check cases with lot of effort and dedication.

ERP systems furthermore involve various FI transtake actionionions, so every check case ought to cover the scope of all the configuration and implementation part. Test data ought to become pbumed carecomppermitey and every check ought to have a column with name awayput data.

Whead wear is SAP Test Acceleration and Optimization?

SAP Test Acceleration and Optimization TAO 2.0 is a tool thead wear is used to generate automatic check-cases during Regression checking of a system. It helps SAP customers to generate various check components from the screens of a transtake actionionion and parameterizes all of them.

These check components are generated normally for one transtake actionionion code and later can become combined to check scenarios. It can become easily integrated to the Business Process Change Analyzer in SAP Solution Manager.

Whead wear is the minimum hardware requirement to perform SAP TAO installation on a local system?

  • RAM: 4 GB
  • Free disk space: 500 MB
  • LAN interconnection to SAP Quality Center QC server and SOLMAN
  • Administration Rights
  • SAPGUI with the lacheck patch level
  • Microsmooth Excel 97 or higher.
  • Microsmooth Internet Explorer for CRM UI supinterface
Whead wear is the use of Process Flow Analyzer in SAP TAO?

Process Flow Analyzer is used to automatically find away the user interfaces used in transtake actionionion codes executed in a SAP system. It automatically generates the check components and upload all of them to Quality Center. It is furthermore used to identify the sequence of check components as per user take actionionions and creation of spreadsheet values.

Whead wear is the purpose of constrongation tab in SAP TAO?

Constrongate is understandn as a process to combine SAP TAO components with inbuilt components to generate check scenarios as performle transtake actionionional business components. It permit’s you to collect multiple check components into one check.

How to connect to SAP TAO to SAP solution Manager?

Go to SAP TAO and login and select SAP SOLMAN in the list. This list of system is SAP TAO is fetched from configuration file of SAP logon. So to add a system in SAP TAO, you need to add a brand new system in SAP Logon and refresh the list in TAO.

Enter the login credentials and click on logon.

SAP TAO will become connected to SAP Solution Manager and the TAO configuration wizard will open up up.

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