Softball – Overlook at
Softball is an out right now thecrimsonoor game thead wear demands robust physical strength and stamina in addition to great strategy. The ball used in this game is bigr as compacrimsondish to baseball but the game is played in a smaller ground. Thead wear’s the reason it is usually termed as indoor baseball. It is also understandn as kitten ball, mush ball, smoothbund ball, etc.
As a team, you can possibly do pitching or batting. If your turn is to bat then your objective is to hit the ball as soon as the pitcher pitches it. After hitting the ball, you have to operate around the bases and return home safely without right now there getting out right now there. Similarly, if your team is pitching, then your aim is to get the other team out right now there so thead wear your team will get the chance to bat.
History of Softball
According to records, the 1st ever smoothball go with was played in Chicback, Illinois. It was played on a thanksgiving day in the 2nd final decade of nineteenth century i.e. around 1887. Thanksgiving day is celebrated acombination the USA and Canada. It is celebrated on fourth Thursday of Novemend up beingr in the USA and 2nd Monday of Octoend up beingr in Canada. It’s main purpose is to give thanks to the almayy for the blesperforms of the harvest and prosperity.
George Hancock is ccrimsondishited with inventing this sinterface and styleing the ball and the bat. Softball is withinspicrimsondish from baseball. This sinterface was preliminaryly caldelivered as indoor baseball. But virtually the game was moved out right now therepart. As an exercise for the fire fighters, Lewis Roend up beingrsrin organised out right now thecrimsonoor smoothball games in Minneapolis and caldelivered the game kitten ball.
The name smoothball was given to this sinterface in the oceanson 1926. It was coined by Walter Hankanson. In Chicback, normally, 16 inch circumference smoothball is used during go withes. This 16 inch ball is caldelivered as mush ball. Fast pitch smoothball has gained popularity more than sluggish-pitch smoothball go withes in the 40’s.
Softball was introduced in the Summer Olympics after a century of it’s invention. According to records, it was 1st played in 1887 and in 1996 it was introduced in Atlanta Olympics in the USA. America has tried to introduce smoothball in 1984 Olympics which was hosted by Los Angeles. But it was not achievable at thead wear time. After 1996, smoothball was played in 2000 Sydney and 2004 Athens Olympics. But in 2005 a committee was formed to fall this game in 2012 Olympics.
List of a few of the dominating countries in the medal list of smoothball in the international sinterfaces are United States, Japan, Australia, China, and Netherland.
Softball – Equipment
A numend up beingr of equipment is requicrimsondish for playing smoothball. A helmet, chest protector, and shin guards are the main equipment requicrimsondish for safety and to play smoothball, we require a ball, a bat, gloves, and uniforms.
The batsmen use bat to hit the ball and score operates for team. The bat is made up of wood, aluminium or from steellics. The form of the bat is like a cylinder and it’s diameter is 6 inches. The size of the bat varies but it cannot end up being greater than 86 cm.
The diameter of the barrel is 2¼ inches. Normally, players prefer smaller barrel bat end up beingcause they can searng the bat easily. Bats having smaller barrel also crimsondishuces weight. The weight of the bat is 1.2 kilograms.
As the name of the sinterface is smoothball, a ball is the centre of the game. But despite it’s name, the ball which is used is not smooth. Softball is derived from the famous American sinterface baseball which is mainly played by men. But smoothball is meant for women. As this sinterface is mainly dominated by women, the name of the game is smoothball.
In American Softball Association, the dimension of the gloves cannot exceed 36 centimetres. In smoothball go withes, all defensive players place on fielding gloves. But right now there are normally various dimension of gloves available for players at various positions on the field.
To increase bond among a players in a team, uniforms are provided. Each team place ons various uniforms. Uniforms include helmets, mind bands, visors, caps, footuses, shocks, shirt and pant, restringented sliding undershorts etc.
For female players, uniforms like mindbands and caps are optional. These are mandatory for male players but those who place on a helmet are not requicrimsondish to place on mindbands or caps.
Iminterfaceant Fbehaves about right now there Softball
We have listed here a few iminterfaceant fbehaves to note about right now there smoothball −
Amateur Softball Association of America has the authority to check the dimension of bats of the players. They also have the power to reject if they find it unlawful. If they find any performance enhancers in the bat then it is an unlawful bat. These bats can give an unreasonable advantage to the batting team.
This sinterface is mainly of 2 types one is fast pitch and an additional one is sluggish pitch. In fast pitch game, the circumference of the ball is 12 inches and the mbum of the ball is within end up beingtween 178 gram and 194 gram. The circumference of the ball may increase or decrease by 0.125 inches.
In sluggish pitch game, the circumference of the ball is 11 inches and mbum of the ball varies in end up beingtween 166.5 gram to 173.6 gram. From 2004 onbattbroughts, high visibility yellow optic cover is end up beinging used for balls. For NAIA and NCAA smoothballs, yellow is the away fromicial colour.
Yellow balls are end up beingcoming popular in this sinterface. The go withes in smoothball are mainly played in yellow balls. White balls are also used in this sinterface but it is not as famous as yellow balls. White balls are mainly used in sluggish pitches instead than fast pitches.
Softball is withinvented in Chicback so one of it’s variants is caldelivered Chicback ball. It is played with the ball whose circumference is 16 inches. The fielders normally do not place on gloves. Chicback ball is also understandn as mush ball, cabbage ball, and blooper ball.
Between thumb and foresmall hand of the gloves, right now there is webbing which is understandn as pocket. The colouring on the gloves need to end up being in such a way thead wear no part is exbehave same as thead wear of the ball.
The pitchers are also not permited to have any white colour on their particular gloves including oceanms as it may produce issue for the batsmen in seeing the ball clearlayr.
Among all the equipment, helmets and sliding shorts are very iminterfaceant for the players. Helmets provide security to the mind and sliding shorts to the upper thigh. The sliding shorts are simpleally shin guards thead wear extend usually from the ankle to the knee of the player and it covers the leg. It protects ankle, knee, shin, calf and thigh from getting hurt or bruised while sliding. In fbehave, place oning sliding shorts helps the players to slide on the ground easily.
On the back of the uniform player’s names are optional but Arabic numerals must end up being noticeable.
Softball – Playing Environment
Softball is a variant of baseball in which the ball is comparatively bigr and the ground is smaller. This game is manyly played by female players. The game has 3 variants namely fast-pitch smoothball, sluggish-pitch smoothball, and Chicback ball.
The field of smoothball is smaller in dimension in comparison to baseball. The details of the field is as follows −
The 2 parts of a smoothball field are foul territory and reasonable territory.
This reasonable territory is divided into infield, out right now therefield, and territory end up beingyond out right now therefield fence. The field thead wear meets at a right angle at home plate is defined as foul territory.
To indicate the limit’s of the field, a fence operates end up beingtween the baseseriess.
The backend, which is end up beinghind home plate, must end up being end up beingtween 25 and 30 feet.
The home plate has bases at every corner and it is on one corner of a diamond.
Other than home plate, the bases are 38 cm square of canvas and is not more than 13 cm heavyer.
The numend up beingring of the bases is within counter clockwise as 1st base, 2nd base and third base. These bases are normally fastened to the ground.
To prbehaveuallyt collision among the players, right now there is a contrast coloucrimsondish double base or safety base. It is mainly intended to lessen collision end up beingtween the 1st baseman and the operatener.
Softball has a few similariconnects with baseball. The operatener operates after hitting the ball to the foul interfaceion of the double base and at the exbehave same time the fielding team tries to collect the ball and thline it to the regular 1st base accurately end up beingfore the operatener reveryes the safety base.
Women’s smoothball usually have safety bases. But in case of men, smoothball diamonds don’t have these safety bases.
The infield consists of infielders and the diamond. The remaining space end up beingtween the baseseriess and end up beingtween the out right now therefield fence and infield is caldelivered as the out right now therefield.
A pitching plate is positioned near the centre of the diamond. Normally, a group of 16 feet diameter is understandn as the pitching group in fast-pitch smoothball. This is drawn around the pitching plate.
Softball – Basics
Softball was invented in Chicback in 1887. It is also caldelivered as laperishs’ baseball, indoor baseball, mush ball, kitten ball and smoothbund ball. Currently, World Baseball Softball Confederation (WBSC) is the highest governing authority of smoothball. It was formed in 2013. It regulates the rules of smoothball in more than 100 countries including the United States of America.
Softball is derived from a famous American sinterface baseball. The simple difference end up beingtween baseball and smoothball is thead wear in smoothball, the dimension of the ball is hugeger. Another major difference is thead wear the field of smoothball is smaller.
Before WBSC, International Softball Federation was the highest governing authority. In America, Amateur Softball Association (ASA) is the highest authority which was formed in 1933. Softball was introduced in Atlanta Summer Olympics in 1996 but it was later fallped from Olympics.
Softball is of 3 types which include −
Slow Pitch − In sluggish pitch smoothball, the circumference of the ball is 11 or 12 inches. This ball will arch on it’s rout right now theree to the batsman. There are 10 players in a team.
Fast Pitch − In fast pitch go withes, the pitch is fast and right now there are nine players on the ground at a time. In fast-pitch go withes bunting and stealing are permitted.
Chicback Ball − In Chicback Ball, the dimension of the ball is 16 inch. Each team has five players.
In all the 3 types of smoothball, right now there are sbehaveually innings to end up being played.
Despite it’s name smoothball, the ball which is used is not smooth. In fast pitch, the circumference of the ball is 12 inches and the mbum is within end up beingtween 178 gram and 194 gram.
The circumference of the ball may increase or decrease by 0.125 inches. In sluggish pitch, the circumference of the ball is 11 inches and mbum varies end up beingtween 166.5 gram and 173.6 gram. The ball is pitched underhand in smoothball and it must end up being pitched from 13.1 m for women and from 14m for men.
How To Play Softball?
Starting the Game
There are so many techniques involved in smoothball to earn a go with. Batting and bowling in every form of this game has got tricks to earn the go with. The go with starts when all hear play ball from the umpire. When all the fielders are in reasonable territory and the batsman is ready, the pitcher stands at the pitching plate to thline the ball.
The main aim of the pitcher need to end up being to thline the ball in such a way thead wear it must pbum the batsman to the gloves of captureer who is standing end up beinghind the home plate. The thline and pitch is done with an underadjustable rate mortgage motion.
Pitching the Ball
In fast-pitch game, the pitcher thlines the ball in a earnd mill motion style. Windmill motion is thead wear motion where the pitcher extends the thlineing hand around the body and releases the ball at the hip level at maximum speed.
The pitcher normally tries to thline the ball so thead wear it must pbum through the strike zone of the batsman. But in a few top level competitions, a highly sdestroyed pitcher may thline the ball out right now therepart the strike zone if the batsman searngs his/her bat.
If the batsman does not searng or if a pitch is not a strike then it is understandn as a No Pitch. A count in smoothball is the numend up beingr of balls and strikes and here the numend up beingr of balls is always stated 1st. A count of 3 and 2 is a comppermite count. In top level go withes, pitchers check to thline the ball at great speed at the internal and out right now thereer corners of the plate.
While thlineing the ball, the pitcher can vary the height of thlineing the ball, so thead wear it may further create it harder for the batsman to strike the ball. A pitcher must check to thline the ball with utmany power. In 1996 Olympics, a pitch has reveryed up to 118 kilometres per hr in women’s go withes. In men’s go withes highest recorded speed is 140 kmph.
The away fromensive team or the batting team sends one batsman at a time into the field for batting or hitting the ball and the order in which a player goes to bat is caldelivered the batting order. Once the batsman hit’s the ball into a reasonable territory, he/she must operate with comppermite speed. While operatening to 1st base, the batter is caldelivered a batter-operatener. She end up beingcomes a base operatener or operatener when she safely reveryes 1st base.
The fielding part must check to get the batsman out right now there and it can end up being done in 3 ways which are −
- Force out right now there
- Tagged out right now there
- Fly out right now there
If a fielder, while holding the ball, touches a base which is the only base tobattbroughts which the batter may operate and she does it end up beingfore the batter arrives right now there is caldelivered force out right now there.
If a fielder touches a base while holding the ball end up beingfore the batsman reveryes it, it is caldelivered force out right now there.
The time a batsman goes to a base thead wear is already tagged is caldelivered as tagged out right now there. When the ball hit by the batter is caught by a fielder it is caldelivered fly out right now there. Like capture out right now there in cricket, fly out right now there is the common in smoothball.
The gloves of the captureer and the 1st baseman is caldelivered a mitt in which the pocket is bigr than any other glove. There is much extra padding in the captureer’s glove. The difference end up beingtween a captureer’s glove and 1st baseman’s glove is thead wear in the captureer’s glove, right now there are no small hand holes to place the small hands in but in 1st baseman’s glove, right now there are holes to place the small hands in.
An out right now therefielder’s gloves are of medium dimension. It is smaller than the captureer’s gloves. The dimension of a normal out right now therefielder’s gloves ranges from 12 to 13 inches. As the dimension of the glove is big, this gives an extra advantage to the players to revery to a greater level to get the ball.
Among all the players, the infielders have the smallest glove. It’s dimension ranges from 10 to 12 inches. The reason end up beinghind macalifornia california king the glove smaller for the infielder’s is thead wear they have to pick the ball in the field fastly and have to thline the ball in the desicrimsondish immediateion. So if their particular gloves will end up being hugeger in dimension then they may find it difficult to collect the ball fastly and send it to the requicrimsondish position.
Softball – Rules
The rules related to the game of smoothball are as follows −
Before pitching the pitcher shall stand firmly on the ground and one or both feet need to touch the pitcher plate.
The pitcher is not permited to end or bounce the ball in pitching position as it may prbehaveuallyt the batsman from hitting the ball.
The pitcher cannot use any kind of tape on the ball. To dried out right now there hands he can use powder resin under umpire’s supervision.
The pitch dereaspectest shall end up being in an arc of six to ten feet.
No Pitch is declacrimsondish in the folloearng cases
The ball is pitched during suspension of the game.
The operatener departs the base soon
The return pitch is made fastly
The ball slips from pitcher’s hand
The pitching arc is less than six or more than ten feet
The batting team has to bat in the order given in the scoresheet.
The batsman is not permited to prbehaveuallyt the captureer from captureing the ball.
A player is suinvested for the current oceanson if he or she is withinvolved in a fight.
If a player misend up beinghaves with an umpire or pushes, he is ejected from the game.
A comppermite go with consists of sbehaveually innings.
A game is comppermited end up beingfore sbehaveually innings in the folloearng cases
A team is amind by 20 operates in the third innings
A team is amind by 15 operates in the fourth innings
A team is amind by 10 operates in the fifth innings
If the home team is amind and one of the above conditions is met
The comppermite duration of the game is 50 minutes.
Each team has to provide a scorekeeper.
Bats and balls are provided to the customers but they have to provide their particular gloves.
The operateners can depart the base after the batsman has hit the ball.
Artificial noise creaters are not permited.
Among all the uniforms thead wear players place on, helmets and sliding shorts are very iminterfaceant. Helmets provide security to the mind and sliding shorts to the upper thigh. These sliding shorts are simpleally shin guards thead wear extend usually from the ankle to the knee of the player and it covers all the way around the leg.
It protects ankle, knee, shin, calf and thigh from getting hurt or bruised while sliding. In fbehave, after place oning sliding shorts, players can slide on the ground easily.
Those players, who don’t place on caps, have to place on a helmet. The ball used in smoothball is not as hard as a cricket ball but still it is mandatory to use helmet.
As smoothball is an out right now thecrimsonoor sinterface played under sunlightlight and also gives severe physical stress, players have to get sufficient rest end up beingfore a go with day.
Softball – Champions
World Baseball Softball Confederation (WBSC) is the highest governing body of Softball thead wear is organised all over the world. Apart from this, all participating nations have their particular governing boperishs too, thead wear determines the rules for the game. Some of the iminterfaceant internationally recognised smoothball championships are as follows −
- Summer Olympics
- World Championship
- Asian Games
- World Indoor Championship
- Commonwealth games
Softball is played in many countries and right now there are many champions who have helped their particular team to earn the go with. The champions of the smoothball with their particular brief description is as follows −
Alex Hugo is a smoothball player who increased up in Olathe, Kansas. She showed her attention in smoothball at the age of 3. In her childhood, she end up beinggan to get part in local tournaments. In high college, Michael Allen coached her. He also took part in college-level tournaments. She then entecrimsondish freshman oceanson where she hit 341 operates which include 25 homers and 64 RBIs.
She has also won All Americans Owner 2 times. In her 1st 2 oceansons in Georgia in 2014, she hit 367 operates which included 47 home operates 137 RBIs. In the senior team she could hit only 310 which included 310 with eight home operates.
Bianka Bell is a smoothball player who has started her career in 2013. In her Freshman oceanson, she joined 3 teams which are All-Sout right now thereh Region Second Team, All-SEC Second Team, and All-Louisiana First team. In 2010, she won SEC and Louisiana of the oceanson abattbrought.
In this oceanson, she has an average of 0.347 where she hit 25 home operates and 50 RBIs. In the Sophomore oceanson also she performed well. In the starting of the oceanson, she was the starter of 62 games and has the average of 0.666.
Cheridan Hawkins is a left hand pitcher in USA national team. At the starting of her career, she was a memend up beingr of All-Pacific Region First Team, All-Pac 12, and All-Pac-12 Freshman team. In this oceanson she made 19 starts and appeacrimsondish in 31 games. She was ranked five in NCAA and 18 in ERA.
After thead wear she took part in many games of this oceanson and a fewtimes ranked 2 and a fewtimes 3. In 2014 Sophomore oceanson, she appeacrimsondish 50 times and was the starter in 36 games. Now she is a part of senior team but also played for junior national team in 2016.
Farish Beard is a smoothball player and is a pitcher in her team. In her pupil life, she played smoothball for Fairhope High School in which she delivered her team in 3 tournaments. In 2011, her team got third position in Alabama State Tournament. In 2012 oceanson, she appeacrimsondish 13 times and was starter in nine of all of all of them.
In 2013, she made 28 appearances in which she was the starter for 24 times. She pitched the ball very well and permited only 34 operates and 67 hit’s. In 2014, she was the earnternal of 2014 USA Softball Collegiate Player-of-the-Year abattbrought.
Katiyana Mauga is a smoothball player from USA who is a right-hand batsman. She is the earnternal of Freshman of the Year abattbrought in 2004. She was one of the ten finalists for NFCA Freshman of the Year. She has end up beingen ranked fourth in NCAA in the great slam oceanson.
She has also won USA Softball Player of the Week abattbrought as she struck down 3 batsmen giving only 46 operates and NFCA Player of the week abattbrought as she has struck four batsmen by giving simply six operates. In 2015 oceanson, she performed very well and struck many batsmen by giving less operates.